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Friday, 16 March, 2001, 00:17 GMT
Mental health deaths 'preventable'
Patient in hospital
A staggering 15% of mentally ill committed suicide in hospital
About 250 suicides and six murders each year could be prevented with better mental health care, say researchers.

Mental Health tsar Professor Louis Appleby and his team from Manchester University's Department of Psychiatry, have called for urgent changes to improve mental health care.

Professor Appleby's team found that a quarter of mentally ill people who committed suicide and 10% of those who committed murder had recently been receiving treatment for mental health problems.

A staggering 15% of patients killed themselves in hospital - many by hanging.


Around 40% of patient suicides happen during or soon after in-patient care and we should make the prevention of these deaths a priority

Professor Louis Appleby, mental health tsar

The report "Safety First" from the National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness, is based on a detailed study of 5,582 suicides and 186 murders by psychiatric patients in the UK between 1996-2000.

Report findings

The report found that:

  • A quarter of suicides and 10% of those who killed had been under mental health services
  • 15% of suicides were currently hospital in-patients - the most common method of suicide for them was hanging
  • 23% of suicides followed discharge from hospital - the first fortnight was the most critical time
  • One fifth of suicides were not taking their medication in the month before their death
  • Over half of the patients committing murder had personality disorder or alcohol or drug dependency, rather than illness such as schizophrenia
  • The mentally ill were less likely to kill strangers
Professor Appleby said tackling preventable suicides and murders must be a top government priority.

"These findings emphasise the challenge facing mental health services.

"Around 40% of patient suicides happen during or soon after in-patient care and we should make the prevention of these deaths a priority.

"The picture is different on homicide. Most perpetrators do not have the kind of illnesses that are easily treated."

"Safety First" makes 18 recommendations to protect both patients and the public including:

  • a reduction on wards of anything that can be used for hanging
  • a follow-up after seven days for all at-risk patients
  • local strategies to treat mental health problems and drug and alcohol dependency
  • limited supplies of medication to high risk patients to avoid overdoses
Government action

Dr Jenny Shaw, assistant director to the inquiry, said the report had highlighted a misconception about the risks to the general public from the mentally ill.

"The low figures for stranger homicides show that the risk to the general public from patients with mental illness has been greatly exaggerated.

Health Minister John Hutton
John Hutton: Tackling issues in report

"The public are more at risk from heavy drinkers."

Mental Health Charity Mind called for urgent government action.

Judy Clements, Mind's chief executive said: "People should be able to feel safe from harm in hospital and when they come out there must be adequate support in place from their local mental health team."

She said the report revealed the need for better risk assessments and targeted treatments for people with severe personality disorders and alcohol and drug dependencies.

Majorie Wallace, chief executive of the mental health charity SANE, said they want to see a community suicide watch to monitor people who have been released from hospital and to prevent further deaths.

She said: "Too many patients are suddenly catapulted into the community and left unsupported and often isolated.

"There is no excuse for the mental health services continuing to abandon people at the very time they are known to be at most risk."

Health Minister John Hutton said the findings of the report will be carefully studied and action was already in hand.

He said: "Work is already under way to address the issues raised in this report.

"Through the measures contained within both the NHS Plan and the Mental Health White Paper and through the ongoing work in the National Service Framework, we are making mental health services safer all round - for patients, those who work in mental health services, for patients' families and for the public."

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See also:

09 Oct 00 | Health
Bid to cut hospital suicides
20 Dec 00 | Health
Tougher controls for mentally ill
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