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Tuesday, September 1, 1998 Published at 19:21 GMT 20:21 UK


Provisional IRA's history of violence

Canary Wharf: Bombing marked end of the last IRA ceasefire

The Provisional IRA was formed in late 1969, when it split from the Marxist-inclined Official IRA. Since then, its roll-call of violence includes:

March 1971: Attack at Ligoniel: Three soldiers killed.

July 1972: Bloody Friday. Series of blasts across Belfast. Nine killed, many more injured as 22 bombs go off.

July 1972: Ten die in bomb attack in County Derry.

October 1974: Guildford pub bombing on British mainland. Five die, 44 injured.

November 1974: Birmingham pub bombings. 19 dead, 182 injured.

December 1975: Balcombe Street siege. Four IRA gunmen take a couple hostage after a street gun battle in London, surrendering after six days.

February 1978: Firebomb at hotel in Co Down. Twelve people killed, 23 injured.

November 1978: Deputy governor of Crumlin Road prison, Albert Miles, shot dead.


[ image: Wreckage of Lord Mountbatten's boat after the IRA bomb]
Wreckage of Lord Mountbatten's boat after the IRA bomb
August 1979: Lord Mountbatten, the Queen's uncle, and three others killed by Provisional IRA bomb in County Sligo. The same day, 18 soldiers killed in bomb attack at Warrenpoint, County Down.

November 1981: Ulster Unionist MP for Belfast South, Robert Bradford, murdered.

July 1982: Two bombs in Hyde Park and Regent's Park, London. In Hyde Park, two members of the Household Cavalry and seven horses die. In Regent's Park, six soldiers from the Royal Green Jackets killed.

December 1983: Harrods bomb. Five people killed and 80 wounded in a blast during Christmas shopping at the West London department store.

October 1984: Brighton bomb. Huge blast at the Grand Hotel, during the Conservative Party conference. Five die. Among the injured: the Cabinet minister Norman Tebbit and his wife.

November 1987: Consignment of 150 tons of weapons and ammunition destined for the IRA intercepted on the French coaster Eksund.

November 1989: Enniskillen massacre. Remembrance Day parade in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh. Blast kills 11 people, injures 63.

September 1989: Deal bombing. Ten Royal Marines bandsmen are killed and 22 are injured when base in Deal, Kent, bombed.

July 1990: Ian Gow, Conservative MP for Eastbourne and former Northern Ireland minister, killed by bomb at his Sussex home.


[ image: Police clear Whitehall after the mortar attack]
Police clear Whitehall after the mortar attack
February 1991: Three mortar bombs launched from across Whitehall at Downing Street during a Cabinet meeting. One explodes in the garden, but nobody injured.

January 1992: Eight Protestant builders killed by a bomb on their way to work at an Army base near Omagh.

December 1992: Series of IRA bombs throughout the province culminates in a blast in east Belfast which injures 27.

March 1993: An IRA bomb hits Saturday shoppers in Warrington, Cheshire. Two children, Jonathan Ball and Tim Parry, killed.

April 1993: IRA bomb in the City of London causes 350 million of damage.

October 1993: Blast at a fish and chip shop on the Protestant Shankill Road, Belfast, kills 10 people, including two children.

February 1995: Massive bomb at Canary Wharf in east London ends the IRA ceasefire that had been running since August 1994.



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