Tuesday, November 17, 1998 Published at 16:31 GMT
Kofi Annan: Man with a mission
Oliver Conway considers the qualities possessed by the UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, for whom Iraq has been one of the toughest challenges of a long and distinguished career:
According to Kofi Annan himself - speaking to the BBC on taking over the UN's top job - confrontation is not his style:
"When it comes to toughness, or firmness, I think those who know me know that even though I get people to work together and I am by nature a conciliator, I can be firm when it is necessary. And I can hold the line when issues or principle are involved. And let me say that I'm not one of those who believes that you have to pound the table or shout to be tough!"
According to Dr Mats Berdal of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, it was in peacekeeping that Mr Annan won his reputation for getting results without confrontation, and where he won the support of many nations that later voted for him as Secretary General:
"He has a very non-confrontational style of management. He gets on very well with most members of the Security Council, particularly with troop contributing countries. He's sensitive to their concerns and responds very quickly to any queries from them."
Speaking shortly after his selection, Mr Annan set out his agenda: "I think my priorities will be working with the member states of the organisation, to redefine the goals of the United Nations. As we move into the 21st Century, I think it is important that we ask ourselves: what should the United Nations be doing?"
Reaching consensus on that was not going to be easy. Developing countries are always keen to see the UN doing more to tackle poverty and related issues, while much of the Western industrialised world is more concerned with matters such as human rights and democracy.
Mr Annan unveiled a wide-ranging reform package, designed to cut waste and increase the responsiveness of the UN to crises such as the one over Iraq.
"The reforms I am proposing are bold reforms. They are the most extensive, far-reaching reforms in the 52 year history of our organisation. The aim is simple, to transform the organisation, to bring greater unity of purpose, greater coherence of efforts and greater agility in responding to an increasingly dynamic and complex world."
He had earlier showed that he could get tough with the US when he asked it to pay the $1.3bn dollars it owes to the UN. And this despite the fact that the US had single-handedly vetoed a second term for his Mr Boutros Ghali.
He himself ascribes the successful resolution of such crises to the negotiating power of the UN: "The resolve and the determination to carry through has paid off, but it also proves that diplomacy sometimes works, and you don't always have to fight to win."
The brinkmanship of Baghdad's policy towards the UN and its weapons inspectors continues to put these principles to the test.