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World media Tuesday, 16 June, 1998, 19:03 GMT 20:03 UK
Statements from India and Pakistan
Greenpeace balloon
The nuclear tests were followed by protests
The following are selected quotes from statements made by India and Pakistan during nuclear tests carried out by both countries.

Indian premier announces nuclear tests

"Today, at 1545 hours (1015GMT) India conducted three underground nuclear tests in the Pokhran range.

"These tests conducted today were with a fission device, a low-yield device, and a thermo-nuclear device. The measured yields are in line with expected values.

"Measurements have also confirmed that there was no release of radioactivity into the atmosphere.

"These were contained explosions like the experiment conducted in May 1974.

"I warmly congratulate the scientists and engineers who have carried out this successful test. Thank you very much indeed."

Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, May 11, 1998

Pakistan reacts to Indian tests

"Pakistan is not oblivious to India's nuclear programme and has been alerting the international community to take notice of India's designs.

As a sovereign and independent nation, Pakistan will make its own decision on the steps to be taken towards its sovereignty and defence."

Pakistan Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, May 11

"Pakistan reserves its right to take all appropriate measures for its security.

"The Prime Minister has assured the nation that Pakistan's defence will be made impregnable against any Indian threat, be it nuclear or conventional."

Pakistan Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan, May 11

India conducts two more tests, says programme is concluded

"Whatever we have done is for our defence, for the protection of the country and not to create a threat to anyone.

"The tests that commenced on 11th May have been concluded today (May 13) and now the world is reacting to them. We believe in a world devoid of nuclear weapons."

Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, May 13

Pakistan not to 'blindly follow' Indian example

"We have legitimate security concerns and the international community needs to recognize these concerns.

"Pakistan could have given a tit-for-tat response to the series of Indian nuclear tests, but we want to act in a responsible manner and do not want to blindly follow the Indian action."

Pakistan Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, May 17

Sharif promises 'resolute response'

"There is complete national consensus to respond to the challenges and the threat. This nation has a history of facing challenges and has never submitted to threats.

"Any misadventure will meet a resolute response. I repeat that - any misadventure will meet a resolute response.

"The whole nation has demonstrated a sober and mature approach to this complicated situation.

"We have not taken any action in haste. We have not behaved in a tit-for-tat manner. We have not let any madness engulf us.

"Whatever decision we eventually take will be in our supreme national interests.

"Apart from threatening Pakistan, India is now blackmailing the world by offers of bargain on the CTBT (Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty).

"We believe that the Indian actions have rendered the non-proliferation regime and instruments such as NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) and CTBT irrelevant.

"The Indian tests have posed new challenges and dilemmas in the field of non-proliferation. Fresh thinking is now needed on these issues."

Pakistan Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, May 23

Pakistan announces nuclear tests

"Pakistan today successfully conducted five nuclear tests. The results were as expected. There was no release of radioactivity.

"I congratulate all Pakistani scientists, engineers and technicians for their dedicated teamwork and expertise in mastering complex and advanced technologies.

"Pakistan has been obliged to exercise the nuclear option due to weaponisation of India's nuclear programme. "

"As a self-respecting nation we had no choice left to us. Our hand was forced by the present Indian leadership's reckless actions.

"After due deliberation and a careful review of all options, we took the decision to restore the strategic balance.

"The nation would not have expected anything less from its leadership.

"The international response to the Indian nuclear tests did not factor the security situation in our region.

"While asking us to exercise restraint, powerful voices urged acceptance of Indian weaponisation as a fait accompli.

"Pakistan's legitimate security concerns were not addressed, even after the threat of use of nuclear weapons and nuclear blackmail.

"We could not have remained complacent about threats to our security. We could not have ignored the magnitude of the threat.

"Our decision to exercise the nuclear option has been taken in the interest of national self-defence. These weapons are to deter aggression, whether nuclear or conventional.

"Pakistan will continue to support the goal of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, especially in the Conference on Disarmament, bearing in mind the new realities."

Pakistan Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, May 28

India says nuclear policy 'vindicated'

"These tests have vindicated our policy. They have also confirmed our doubts. India is ready to meet any challenge.

"The people must stand united. A new situation has been created and it will be taken into account in formulating our policy.

"In fact, Pakistan's clandestine preparations forced us to take the path of nuclear deterrence.

Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, May 28

BBC Monitoring (http://www.monitor.bbc.co.uk), based in Caversham in southern England, selects and translates information from radio, television, press, news agencies and the Internet from 150 countries in more than 70 languages.

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