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Friday, 6 October, 2000, 13:30 GMT 14:30 UK
Rogues' gallery: Where deposed rulers go

As the net tightens around Slobodan Milosevic, BBC News Online looks at where deposed rulers go to escape justice.

Wherever Slobodan Milosevic is hiding out, he will no doubt be anxious to avoid the fate of Romania's Nicolae Ceaucescu.

Forced from power in 1989, the Communist dictator and his wife were murdered by their own people.

General Pinochet arrives in Chile
General Pinochet: Welcomed by military, booed by protesters
If Mr Milosevic intends to flee the country, can he take a lead from other fallen strongmen who sought sanctuary beyond their own borders?

The old safe havens have all but vanished. The South American regimes which once offered refuge to former Nazis have disappeared.

Chile, once the bolthole for the former East German ruler Erich Honecker, is today pursuing its deposed military leader, General Augusto Pinochet.

General Pinochet, whose poor health meant he escaped extradition from London to Spain on torture charges, returned to Chile in March.

He has since been stripped of his immunity from prosecution.

Manuel Noriega
Manuel Noriega: Doing time in US jail
Manuel Noriega of Panama is currently behind bars in Florida, in his 11th year of a 40-year sentence for drug trafficking, racketeering and conspiracy.

Once a key ally of the United States, Noriega was captured in 1989 when 25,000 American troops invaded Panama on the orders of then President George Bush.

He took refuge in a Vatican embassy, then surrendered and was taken to the US.

The former Ethiopian leader, Mengistu Haile Mariam, now lives in Harare, Zimbabwe, where he enjoys the hospitality of President Robert Mugabe.

In power from 1977 to 1991, the ex-army officer is wanted in Ethiopia on genocide charges.

Idi Amin
Idi Amin: Made pilgrimage to Mecca
Saudi Arabia offered the former Ugandan leader, Idi Amin, refuge and a monthly stipend after he was toppled by a Tanzanian-backed invasion in 1979, on condition that he makes no political statements.

He is estimated to have murdered about 300,000 people during his nine-year reign in the 1970s.

Paraguay's former totalitarian leader, Alfredo Stroessner, now lives out his days in comfort in Brazil.

Having seized power in 1954, Mr Stroessner murdered and tortured his opponents. Reelected for his eighth successive term in 1988, he was overthrown in a military coup the following year and went into exile.

Valentine Strasser
Valentine Strasser: From Sierra Leone to a London council flat
Valentine Strasser, an accused war criminal and the former military dictator of Sierra Leone, has been living in the UK for the past four years.

Captain Strasser seized power in 1992 at the age of 26. During his four-year rule, Amnesty International accused his troops of atrocities against civilians.

Overthrown in 1996, he was flown to London in handcuffs.

The ex-military man studied law at Warwick University as part of a United Nations-brokered peace deal.

However, his funding was withdrawn a year later. He now lives in a council flat in Islington, north London.

Marcos funeral
Ferdinand Marcos: Died in exile
In 1986, a bloodless revolution forced the Philippine leader Ferdinand Marcos from power.

He and his wife Imelda fled the country - without her vast collection of shoes - and the deposed president died in exile in Hawaii three years later.

The Philippine Government has since retrieved about half of the $5bn the Marcos family managed to amass during their 14-year rule.

On her return to the Philippines, Mrs Marcos was sentenced to 24 years in jail but was immediately released on bail. In 1995, she was elected to the nation's congress.

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