Languages
Page last updated at 09:02 GMT, Friday, 3 July 2009 10:02 UK

Italy adopts law to curb migrants

National Guard leader Gaetano Saya gives his group's salute, 1 Jul 09
Critics accuse the new National Guard of echoing Mussolini's Fascists

Italy's parliament has given final approval to a law criminalising illegal immigration and allowing citizens' patrols to help the police keep order.

The new measures have been strongly criticised by human rights groups and the Vatican.

Illegal immigration will be punishable by a hefty fine and those who knowingly house illegal migrants will face up to three years in prison.

The law also extends detention periods for illegal migrants to six months.

It was passed in the Senate (upper house) on Thursday, with 157 in favour and 124 against. The lower house passed it in May.

Citizens' patrols

The unarmed citizens' patrols are among the most controversial measures.

FROM BBC WORLD SERVICE

A right-wing uniformed group called the Italian National Guard was set up last month, likened by some to Benito Mussolini's Fascists. It vowed to start patrolling the streets.

But Interior Minister Roberto Maroni said the group, which sports beige uniforms and black military-style hats, would not be allowed to mount street patrols.

Mr Maroni, a member of the anti-immigration Northern League, has steered the legislation through parliament.

The party is a key ally of Italy's right-wing Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, and made tougher measures against immigration a condition of its support for his re-election last year.

The new law makes illegal immigration punishable by a fine of 5,000 to 10,000 euros (£4,276 - £8,553).

It also requires parents registering a birth to present documents proving that they are legal residents.

Opposition senators protesting against the new law, 2 Jul 09
Opposition senators held signs calling the government "the real clandestines"

Italy has just introduced a policy of returning boatloads of migrants to Libya before they can claim asylum.

The government says it faces an unmanageable flood of immigrants, many arriving on outlying islands which do not have the means to cope.

More than 36,000 migrants landed on the shores of Italy last year - an increase of about 75% on the year before.

Critics say the government is targeting especially immigrants and Roma (Gypsies).

The Vatican said the new law was "focusing on crime and leaving integration completely out of the picture".



Print Sponsor


SEE ALSO
Italy MPs back migrant crackdown
13 May 09 |  Europe
Milan train segregation idea row
09 May 09 |  Europe
Italy turns rescued migrants back
08 May 09 |  Europe
Italian migration policy draws fire
07 Mar 09 |  Europe

RELATED INTERNET LINKS
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites


FEATURES, VIEWS, ANALYSIS
Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit

BBC navigation

BBC © 2013 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific