Languages
Page last updated at 14:26 GMT, Friday, 23 January 2009

S Ossetia 'war crimes' condemned

South Ossetian man in war-damaged doorway, Tskhinvali
South Ossetia's capital Tskhinvali was devastated by shelling

Both Russia and Georgia violated the laws of war when they clashed in South Ossetia last August, failing to protect civilians, Human Rights Watch says.

The New York-based international rights organisation has produced a report on the conflict, based on more than 460 interviews done in the region.

The group accuses Georgia of attacking South Ossetia "with blatant disregard for the safety of civilians".

"Indiscriminate" Russian air and ground attacks killed many civilians, it says.

Call for justice

Russia allowed South Ossetian forces to kill, beat, rape and threaten civilians, Human Rights Watch (HRW) says, demanding that those responsible be brought to justice, and their victims compensated.

map

During the conflict in and around the breakaway region in Georgia, all parties insisted they had done everything possible to minimise civilian casualties.

Georgia's attempts to regain control of South Ossetia were repelled by Russian forces.

Rachel Denber, HRW's Europe and Central Asia director, said much of the argument after the conflict had focused on who was to blame for starting it.

But that "misses the point, which is the urgent need to hold all who are responsible accountable and to allow displaced people to return home safely," she said.

Human Rights Watch condemned Georgia's use of Grad multiple rocket launchers in civilian areas. The rockets "cannot be targeted with sufficient precision to distinguish between civilian and military objects," the group said.

Russian tank in Karaleti, near Gori in Georgia
Russian forces have mostly pulled back to their former positions

It said both Russia and Georgia used cluster munitions, "causing civilian deaths and putting more civilians at risk by leaving behind unstable 'minefields' of unexploded bomblets".

"Instead of protecting civilians, Russian forces allowed South Ossetian forces who followed in their path to engage in wanton and widescale pillage and burning of Georgian homes and to kill, beat, rape, and threaten civilians," said Ms Denber. "Such deliberate attacks are war crimes."

More than 20,000 ethnic Georgians who fled the conflict remain displaced, HRW says.

Print Sponsor


RELATED INTERNET LINKS
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites


FEATURES, VIEWS, ANALYSIS
Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit

BBC navigation

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific