A veteran pro-independence leader, Oscar Temaru, has been elected president of French Polynesia for the third time in three years.
Oscar Temaru heads the separatist Union for Democracy (UPLD)
He replaces former President Gaston Tong Sang, who lost a no-confidence vote in parliament on 31 August. He supports autonomy but not independence.
The South Pacific territory became a French possession in 1880. It relies on tourism, fishing and French funding.
Mr Temaru, 63, wants a referendum on sovereignty in 20 years' time.
He was elected on Thursday with 27 of the 44 votes cast in the assembly in Tahiti.
A long-standing critic of France, Mr Temaru founded a pro-independence party in 1977.
French Polynesia is represented in the French parliament by two deputies and a senator.
France retains control of law enforcement, defence and finance in French Polynesia.