As a court in Serbia sentences four paramilitaries filmed killing Bosnian Muslims during the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, the BBC's Nick Hawton in Belgrade assesses the verdicts' wider impact:
Relatives of men killed at Srebrenica witnessed the sentencing
In the courtroom corridor, the men with the scorpion tattoos and short hair waited to hear the verdicts for their five friends, former members of the Scorpion paramilitaries.
A few metres, away female relatives of the victims huddled
together, drinking coffee, waiting to be ushered into the
high-tech, high security courtroom.
Not a word was uttered between the two.
Behind the bullet proof glass in the courtroom, the accused
smiled and waved at their relatives. They shared jokes and
conversation with their police guards.
And then came the verdicts: two of them, including the
Scorpion commander, sentenced to the maximum 20 years.
Another got 13 years because he confessed and expressed regret. Another got five years and the fifth man was acquitted.
Outside the court, the relatives of the victims cried and expressed anger at the lesser sentences. But this was a significant moment in Serbia's recent history.
It was not the first war crimes trial to take place in Serbia but it
was the first related to the highly sensitive issue of Srebrenica
where 8,000 Muslim men and boys were massacred by Serb forces
in July 1995.
In a sense, it is the impact outside the courtroom rather than
inside the courtroom that has mattered.
The graphic video at the centre of the trial, showing the cold
blooded murders of six Muslim men and boys, the youngest just
16 years old, is the first video evidence showing the killings
related to Srebrenica.
Video footage of the execution of Muslim prisoners caused a stir
In a country where there has been a great deal of denial
about what happened at Srebrenica this video has had a
When it first came out two years ago, it sent shock waves
around the region.
These were not just statistics and allegations
These were real people. Perpetrators and victims
now had faces. People could identify with the pain of others.
Coupled with this, the Serbian media repeated the video, showing
the gruesome killings and aftermath, in broadcast after broadcast
- something other international media refused to do.
Serbs have been faced with the reality of what was done by some
in their name during the Bosnian War. In the long run, that may
help in the difficult process of reconciliation.
Just a few years ago, it would have been unthinkable for such a
trial to take place in Serbia. Perhaps it is a sign of how much the
country has moved on that this can now happen.
But the conclusion of this trial does not mark the end of the issue
of Srebrenica and responsibility for what happened.
The two leading suspects for the massacre remain at large. The
former Bosnian Serb leaders, Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic,
who are both accused of genocide by the UN War Crimes Tribunal, have
been on the run for the best part of a decade.
Serbia, or security structures within Serbia, have been accused
of harbouring them, or at least having information which could lead to
So far that has not happened and the Serbian authorities deny having such knowledge.
But one things seems certain. Until these two individuals have been
apprehended true reconciliation is unlikely to take place.