Europe South Asia Asia Pacific Americas Middle East Africa BBC Homepage World Service Education



Front Page

World

UK

UK Politics

Business

Sci/Tech

Health

Education

Sport

Entertainment

Talking Point

In Depth

On Air

Archive
Feedback
Low Graphics
Help

Tuesday, November 16, 1999 Published at 07:45 GMT


World: Europe

Srebrenica report blames UN

Bodies unearthed at Cerska, near Srebrenica

The United Nations must accept partial responsibility for the mass killings of Srebrenica in 1995 - Europe's worst massacres since World War II, according to a UN report.


The BBC's Mark Devenport: ''Mr Annan said the massacre would haunt the UN forever''
An estimated 7,000 men and boys were slaughtered in the so-called UN ''safe area'' after the Bosnian Muslim town was overrun by Serbs.

In his report, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan said ''safe areas'' should never be established again without credible means of defence.

And he said UN peacekeepers should never be deployed again where there is no ceasefire or peace agreement.

His 155-page report said the UN Security Council should have approved "more decisive and forceful action to prevent the unfolding horror".

"Not since the horrors of World War II had Europe witnessed massacres on this scale," Mr Annan added. "The tragedy of Srebrenica will haunt our history forever."

Cardinal lesson

Mr Annan said observers had been quick to blame the Dutch UN battalion which withdrew from Srebrenica in the face of Serb attack.

But he pointed out that the Dutch commander's repeated requests for the use of air power were turned down.


[ image: The then Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic faces war crimes charges, if arrested]
The then Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic faces war crimes charges, if arrested
Mr Annan said the UN was wrong to declare it would only use Nato air power against the Serbs as a last resort.

"The cardinal lesson of Srebrenica is that a deliberate and systematic attempt to terrorise, expel or murder an entire people must be met decisively with all necessary means, and with the political will to carry the policy through to its logical conclusion," he added.

Mr Annan criticised the Security Council, staff at the UN headquarters including himself, UN peacekeepers in Srebrenica, and the six-nation "Contact Group" that oversees the Balkans.

But he said primary responsibility lay with wartime Bosnian-Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his military chief General Ratko Mladic, who planned the systematic killings.

Both men have been indicted by the international war crimes tribunal but are still at large.

Shot in the head

The remains of around 2,500 people have been found in mass graves. Thousands more who are still missing will probably be found in other burial sites, Mr Annan said.

Many of those exhumed had their hands bound or were blindfolded. Some were shot in the back, others in the head.

Mr Annan said the fall of Srebrenica was ''shocking" because the enclave's inhabitants had believed the UN and Nato would ensure their safety.

Yet Serb forces ignored the Security Council, pushed aside the UN troops and overran Srebrenica with ease.

Mr Annan said military force should have been used to halt the killings.

"Many of the errors the United Nations made flowed from a single and no doubt well-intentioned effort: we tried to keep the peace and apply the rules of peacekeeping when there was no peace to keep," he added.

''Peacekeepers must never again be deployed into an environment in which there is no ceasefire or peace agreement.''



Advanced options | Search tips




Back to top | BBC News Home | BBC Homepage | ©




Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East | South Asia



Relevant Stories

10 Aug 99 | Europe
Srebrenica grave reveals secrets

02 Aug 99 | Europe
Nato grabs war crimes suspect

05 Jul 99 | Kosovo
Seeking the truth in Srebrenica

20 Dec 97 | World
Two years after Dayton





Internet Links


BosNet: Bosnia Information

UN International War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia


The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites.




In this section

Violence greets Clinton visit

Russian forces pound Grozny

EU fraud: a billion dollar bill

Next steps for peace

Cardinal may face loan-shark charges

From Business
Vodafone takeover battle heats up

Trans-Turkish pipeline deal signed

French party seeks new leader

Jube tube debut

Athens riots for Clinton visit

UN envoy discusses Chechnya in Moscow

Solana new Western European Union chief

Moldova's PM-designate withdraws

Chechen government welcomes summit

In pictures: Clinton's violent welcome

Georgia protests over Russian 'attack'

UN chief: No Chechen 'catastrophe'

New arms control treaty for Europe

From Business
Mannesmann fights back

EU fraud -- a billion-dollar bill

New moves in Spain's terror scandal

EU allows labelling of British beef

UN seeks more security in Chechnya

Athens riots for Clinton visit

Russia's media war over Chechnya

Homeless suffer as quake toll rises

Analysis: East-West relations must shift