[an error occurred while processing this directive]
BBC News
watch One-Minute World News
Languages
Last Updated: Monday, 4 July, 2005, 07:48 GMT 08:48 UK
Nuclear treaty to be strengthened
Iranian nuclear facility
9/11 raised fears about the possibility of nuclear terrorism
UN delegates meeting in Vienna are expected to adopt new measures to protect nuclear material from terrorism, sabotage and smuggling.

The review of the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material was prompted by the 9/11 attacks.

Tougher security measures are envisaged for nuclear sites such as storage plants for spent fuel.

Proposals also provide for more co-operation between nations to locate and recover stolen nuclear material.

Terror threat

Delegates from 80 countries are considering the proposals at the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) headquarters in the Austrian capital.

The 1980 convention was designed mainly to protect nuclear material in international transport and includes some provisions on domestic storage and use.

But following the 11 September 2001 attacks, a decision was taken to strengthen the convention amid concerns about the possibility of nuclear terrorism.

"What is happening now is the realisation that virtually any nuclear reactor could be the target of a highly co-ordinated terrorist attack," said Daryl Kimball, of the Washington-based Arms Control Association.

"If damaged, [a reactor] could become a weapon by scattering nuclear material over a broad area."

The five-day conference is expected to adopt a series of amendments expanding the scope of the convention, to include the protection of nuclear material within countries.

Mohammed ElBaradei, head of the UN's atomic watchdog, said the amendments will be another milestone in international efforts to protect nuclear facilities.


SEE ALSO:
US agrees to back UN nuclear head
09 Jun 05 |  Americas
UN nuclear boss talks deadlocked
03 Mar 05 |  In Depth
ElBaradei bids for new IAEA term
01 Jan 05 |  Middle East
Profile: Mohamed ElBaradei
01 Oct 04 |  Middle East
Q&A: Iran's nuclear stand-off
02 Mar 05 |  Middle East
Profile: IAEA
29 Dec 04 |  Country profiles


RELATED INTERNET LINKS:
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites


PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

News Front Page | Africa | Americas | Asia-Pacific | Europe | Middle East | South Asia
UK | Business | Entertainment | Science/Nature | Technology | Health
Have Your Say | In Pictures | Week at a Glance | Country Profiles | In Depth | Programmes
Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific