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Last Updated: Wednesday, 4 January 2006, 15:13 GMT
Where Europe gets its gas from
Western and Central European countries produced about 60% of the gas they needed in 2004.

The biggest producers were the UK, the Netherlands and Norway.

Europe's gas pipeline network

Of the gas imported from outside the region, two-thirds came from the giant Russian gas monopoly, Gazprom - the world's biggest producer of natural gas.

Some 80% of it was carried by the Ukrainian pipeline network, the rest of it through a smaller pipeline crossing into Poland and Germany via Belarus.

The Russian state owns 51% of Gazprom shares and the chairman of board of directors is Russian deputy prime minister Dmitry Medvedev.

Most of the rest of the gas imported into Europe comes from Algeria.

The figures below, mostly from the International Energy Agency, are in cubic metres and relate to 2004.

BIGGEST IMPORTERS OF RUSSIAN GAS

Germany:
Gas consumption: 100.2bn
Total imports: 90.8bn
Imports from Russia: 39.1bn or 39% of gas consumed

Ukraine:
Gas consumption: 78bn
Total imports: 60bn or 77% of gas consumed
Imports from Russia: 23 or 24bn
Imports from Turkmenistan via Russia: 36 or 37bn

Italy:
Gas consumption: 79.7bn
Total imports: 67.9bn
Imports from Russia: 23.6bn or 30% of gas consumed

Turkey:
Gas consumption: 22.4bn
Total imports: 21.7bn
Imports from Russia: 14.1bn or 63% of gas consumed

France:
Gas consumption: 44.7bn
Total imports: 37bn
Imports from Russia: 11.5bn or 26% of gas consumed

MOST DEPENDENT ON RUSSIAN GAS

The countries of Central and Eastern Europe are among the most dependent on Russian gas but full data is not always available.

The list below, compiled with information from the International Energy Agency and BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2005, is therefore incomplete.

A number of countries, including Belgium, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the UK, import no gas from Russia. Norway and Denmark are entirely self-sufficient and do not import gas from anywhere.

Slovakia:
Gas consumption: 6.7bn
Total imports: 6.9bn
Imports from Russia: 6.9bn or 103% of gas consumed

Finland:
Gas consumption: 4.9bn
Total imports: 4.9bn
Imports from Russia: 4.9bn or 100% of gas consumed

Bulgaria:
Gas consumption: 3.1bn
Total imports: 2.9bn
Imports from Russia: 2.9bn or 94% of gas consumed

Lithuania: Gas consumption: 3.1bn
Total imports: 2.6bn
Imports from Russia: 2.6bn or 84% of gas consumed

Greece:
Gas consumption: 2.7bn
Total imports: 2.6bn
Imports from Russia: 2.2bn or 81% of gas consumed

Austria:
Gas consumption: 9bn
Total imports: 8.4bn
Imports from Russia: 6.7bn or 74% of gas consumed





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