A writer has been fined 3,000 lira (£1,300) under a much-criticised law against insulting Turkish identity.
Opponents of Article 301 say free speech is being damaged
Zulkuf Kisanak was first given five months in jail, but an Istanbul court then reduced the sentence to a fine.
His book, Lost Villages, describes the forced evacuation of thousands of villages by the Turkish military in the mainly Kurdish south-east.
He is among more than 60 writers and publishers, including novelist Orhan Pamuk, to face†charges†under the law.
Mr Pamuk is on trial for telling a newspaper: "One million Armenians and 30,000 Kurds were killed in these lands and nobody but me dares talk about it."
The European Union, which has agreed to start formal membership talks with Ankara, has described the Pamuk case as a litmus test of Turkey's eligibility to join.
Critics say the law - Article 301 of a revised penal code - is suppressing freedom of expression.
Kisanak's book, published in 2004, recounts the story of 14 villages that were forcibly evacuated by Turkish armed forces in the early 1990s, during the height of the clashes with armed Kurdish rebels seeking self-rule.
"I do not believe that I insulted the state," Kisanak told the Associated Press.
"My book was based on concrete events, backed by documents and photographs. My book is about villages that were evacuated and the tragedies that unfolded."
He is appealing against the court's decision.