German prosecutors have charged three men with plotting to kill former Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi during a visit to Germany last year.
Iyad Allawi (left) was in Germany to meet Gerhard Schroeder
The three, aged between 23 and 31, are also accused of belonging to militant group Ansar-al Islam, which the US says has links to al-Qaeda.
They were arrested in Berlin, Augsburg and Stuttgart in December last year.
Mr Allawi had been on a visit to Germany to discuss investment and military training in Iraq.
In June, German police arrested three Iraqi citizens suspected of funding Ansar al-Islam - which has been linked to suicide attacks in Iraq.
Mr Allawi's government took office in June 2004 when the US-led coalition handed over sovereignty 14 months after invading Iraq.
He stepped down after Ibrahim Jaafari was named prime minister following elections in January this year.