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Last Updated: Monday, 21 February 2005, 16:07 GMT
Excerpts: Bush address
US President George W Bush has made a wide-ranging speech to European Union and Nato leaders in Brussels. Below are excerpts on key issues from that speech:


For more than 60 years, our nations stood together to face great challenges of history. Together, we opposed totalitarian ideologies with our might and with our patience. Together, we united this continent with our democratic values. And together we mark, year by year, the anniversaries of freedom - from D-Day, to the liberation of death camps, to the victories of conscience in 1989.

Our transatlantic alliance frustrated the plans of dictators, served the highest ideals of humanity, and set a violent century on a new and better course. And as time goes by, we must never forget our shared achievements.


Yet, our relationship is founded on more than nostalgia. In a new century, the alliance of Europe and North America is the main pillar of our security. Our robust trade is one of the engines of the world's economy. Our example of economic and political freedom gives hope to millions who are weary of poverty and oppression.

In all these ways, our strong friendship is essential to peace and prosperity across the globe - and no temporary debate, no passing disagreement of governments, no power on earth will ever divide us.


Today, America and Europe face a moment of consequence and opportunity. Together we can once again set history on a hopeful course -away from poverty and despair, and toward development and the dignity of self-rule; away from resentment and violence, and toward justice and the peaceful settlement of differences.

Seizing this moment requires idealism: we must see in every person the right and the capacity to live in freedom. Seizing this moment requires realism: we must act wisely and deliberately in the face of complex challenges. And seizing this moment also requires co-operation, because when Europe and America stand together, no problem can stand against us.

As past debates fade, as great duties become clear, let us begin a new era of transatlantic unity.


After many false starts, and dashed hopes, and stolen lives, a settlement of the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians is now within reach.

America and Europe have made a moral commitment: we will not stand by as another generation in the Holy Land grows up in an atmosphere of violence and hopelessness. America and Europe also share a strategic interest: by helping to build a lasting peace, we will remove an unsettled grievance that is used to stir hatred and violence across the Middle East.

Our efforts are guided by a clear vision: we're determined to see two democratic states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security. The Palestinian people deserve a government that is representative, honest and peaceful. The people of Israel need an end to terror and a reliable, steadfast partner for peace. And the world must not rest until there is a just and lasting resolution of this conflict.


We seek peace between Israel and Palestine for its own sake. We also know that a free and peaceful Palestine can add to the momentum of reform throughout the broader Middle East.

In the long run, we cannot live in peace and safety if the Middle East continues to produce ideologies of murder, and terrorists who seek the deadliest weapons. Regimes that terrorise their own people will not hesitate to support terror abroad.

A status quo of tyranny and hopelessness in the Middle East - the false stability of dictatorship and stagnation - can only lead to deeper resentment in a troubled region, and further tragedy in free nations.

The future of our nations, and the future of the Middle East, are linked - and our peace depends on their hope and development and freedom.


Our shared commitment to democratic progress is being tested in Lebanon - a once-thriving country that now suffers under the influence of an oppressive neighbour. Just as the Syrian regime must take stronger action to stop those who support violence and subversion in Iraq, and must end its support for terrorist groups seeking to destroy the hope of peace between Israelis and Palestinians, Syria must also end its occupation of Lebanon.

The Lebanese people have the right to be free, and the United States and Europe share an interest in a democratic, independent Lebanon. My nation and France worked to pass Security Council Resolution 1559, which demands that Lebanon's sovereignty be respected, that foreign troops and agents be withdrawn, and that free elections be conducted without foreign interference.

In the last several months, the world has seen men and women voting in historic elections, from Kabul to Ramallah to Baghdad - and without Syrian interference, Lebanon's parliamentary elections in the spring can be another milestone of liberty.


Some European nations joined the fight to liberate Iraq, while others did not. Yet all of us recognise courage when we see it - and we saw it in the Iraqi people.

And all nations now have an interest in the success of a free and democratic Iraq, which will fight terror, which will be a beacon of freedom, and which will be a source of true stability in the region. In the coming months, Iraq's newly elected assembly will carry out the important work of establishing a government, providing security, enhancing basic services, and writing a democratic constitution.

Now is the time for established democracies to give tangible political, economic and security assistance to the world's newest democracy.


In Iran, the free world shares a common goal: for the sake of peace, the Iranian regime must end its support for terrorism, and must not develop nuclear weapons.

In safeguarding the security of free nations, no option can be taken permanently off the table. Iran, however, is different from Iraq. We're in the early stages of diplomacy. The United States is a member of the IAEA Board of Governors, which has taken the lead on this issue. We're working closely with Britain, France and Germany as they oppose Iran's nuclear ambitions, and as they insist that Tehran comply with international law.

The results of this approach now depend largely on Iran. We also look for Iran to finally deliver on promised reform. The time has arrived for the Iranian regime to listen to the Iranian people, and respect their rights, and join in the movement toward liberty that is taking place all around them.


As a free government takes hold in that country, and as the government of President Yushchenko pursues vital reforms, Ukraine should be welcomed by the Euro-Atlantic family.

We must support new democracies, and so members of our alliance must continue to reach out to Georgia, where last year peaceful protests overturned a stolen election and unleashed the forces of democratic change.


I also believe that Russia's future lies within the family of Europe and the transatlantic community. America supports WTO membership for Russia, because meeting WTO standards will strengthen the gains of freedom and prosperity in that country.

Yet, for Russia to make progress as a European nation, the Russian government must renew a commitment to democracy and the rule of law. We recognise that reform will not happen overnight. We must always remind Russia, however, that our alliance stands for a free press, a vital opposition, the sharing of power and the rule of law - and the United States and all European countries should place democratic reform at the heart of their dialogue with Russia.


As we seek freedom in other nations, we must also work to renew the values that make freedom possible. As I said in my inaugural address, we cannot carry the message of freedom and the baggage of bigotry at the same time.

We must reject anti-Semitism from any source, and we must condemn violence such as we have witnessed in the Netherlands. All our nations must work to integrate minorities into the mainstream of society, and to teach the value of tolerance to each new generation.


Our alliance is determined to encourage commerce among nations, because open markets create jobs, and lift income, and draw whole nations into an expanding circle of freedom and opportunity.

Europe and America will continue to increase trade. As we do so, we'll resolve our trade disagreements in a co-operative spirit - and we should share the benefits of fair and free trade with others. That's why we'll continue to advance the Doha Development Agenda, and bring global trade talks to a successful conclusion.

We should all pursue fiscal policies in our nations - sound fiscal policies of low taxes and fiscal restraint and reform that promote a stable world financial system and foster economic growth.


Our alliance is determined to show good stewardship of the Earth - and that requires addressing the serious, long-term challenge of global climate change. All of us expressed our views on the Kyoto Protocol - and now we must work together on the way forward.

Emerging technologies such as hydrogen-powered vehicles, electricity from renewable energy sources, clean coal technology, will encourage economic growth that is environmentally responsible.

By researching, by developing, by promoting new technologies across the world, all nations, including the developing countries, can advance economically while slowing the growth in global greenhouse [gases] and avoid pollutants that undermine public health.

All of us can use the power of human ingenuity to improve the environment for generations to come.


Our alliance is also determined to defend our security - because we refuse to live in a world dominated by fear. Terrorist movements seek to intimidate free peoples and reverse the course of history by committing dramatic acts of murder. We will not be intimidated, and the terrorists will not stop the march of freedom.

I thank the nations of Europe for your strong co-operation in the war on terror. Together, we have disrupted terrorist financing, strengthened intelligence sharing, enhanced our law enforcement co-operation, and improved the security of international commerce and travel...

For the sake of the security of our people, for the sake of peace, we will be relentless in chasing down the ideologues of hate.

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