Monday, July 19, 1999 Published at 15:51 GMT 16:51 UK
US batters Europe in beef war
The United States has published a list of EU products that will be hit by 100% punitive tariffs to retaliate for the European import ban on hormone-treated beef.
The trade sanctions had been approved by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), which ruled that the EU ban had cost US farmers about $117m.
Canada was also given the right to retaliate, with damage to farmers estimated to be about $7m.
US officials and farmers representatives had originally demanded penalties worth more than $900m.
The office of the US Trade Representative said the list of products amounted to annual tariffs worth $116.8m
The European Union has blocked the import of beef treated with certain artificial and natural growth hormones, because its experts believe that there is a risk that it could cause cancer.
US scientists dispute this, and the WTO agrees with them.
The dispute over beef imports has dragged on for more than a decade.
From all EU countries, 14 will be hit by the beef war tariffs. Only the UK, which has argued in favour of lifting the ban, will be exempt.
Items from all 14 countries hit by tariffs
The US will also impose tariffs on prepared or preserved tomatoes from France, Germany and Italy.
Products specifically from France and Germany to face tariffs include
From France, the following products will face tariffs: