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Monday, July 19, 1999 Published at 15:51 GMT 16:51 UK


World: Europe

US batters Europe in beef war



The United States has published a list of EU products that will be hit by 100% punitive tariffs to retaliate for the European import ban on hormone-treated beef.

World trade wars
Chocolate, pork, onions and truffles are among the goods on the US blacklist, but UK exporters escape the wrath from Washington, none of their products is on the list.

The trade sanctions had been approved by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), which ruled that the EU ban had cost US farmers about $117m.

Canada was also given the right to retaliate, with damage to farmers estimated to be about $7m.

US officials and farmers representatives had originally demanded penalties worth more than $900m.

The office of the US Trade Representative said the list of products amounted to annual tariffs worth $116.8m

The European Union has blocked the import of beef treated with certain artificial and natural growth hormones, because its experts believe that there is a risk that it could cause cancer.

US scientists dispute this, and the WTO agrees with them.

The dispute over beef imports has dragged on for more than a decade.

From all EU countries, 14 will be hit by the beef war tariffs. Only the UK, which has argued in favour of lifting the ban, will be exempt.

Items from all 14 countries hit by tariffs

  • frozen and fresh meat from bovine animals
  • fresh, chilled or frozen pork carcasses and half-carcasses
  • fresh, chilled or frozen pork hams and shoulders, and cuts thereof
  • Roquefort cheese
  • onions
  • truffles
  • dried carrots
  • goose liver, prepared or preserved
  • rusks, toasted bread and similar toasted products
  • fruit juice, concentrated and non-concentrated
  • roasted chicory and other roasted coffee substitutes
  • prepared mustard

The US will also impose tariffs on prepared or preserved tomatoes from France, Germany and Italy.

Products specifically from France and Germany to face tariffs include

  • animal guts, bladders and stomachs (other than fish)
  • soups and broths and preparations therefor
  • yarn (other than sewing thread) containing 85% or more of artificial staple fibres

From France, the following products will face tariffs:

  • fatty substances derived from wool grease
  • chocolate and other cocoa preparations
  • lingonberry and raspberry jams
  • hams, shoulders and cuts thereof, with bone in
  • products suitable for use as glues or adhesives




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