Sunday, July 18, 1999 Published at 16:02 GMT 17:02 UK
Cyprus: Divided for 25 years
Relatives of missing people stage a hunger strike
By BBC Cyprus Correspondent Chris Drake
The coming months will show whether some of the most powerful countries in the world can help solve the problems of one of the weakest.
The Turkish Cypriots have made it clear that they will not turn up to any G8-backed United Nations talks unless their self-proclaimed state is internationally recognised.
That has already been ruled unacceptable by the UN, and so their state remains recognised only by Turkey.
If there are no talks, then there is no chance of progress.
Turkey backs the demand for recognition and, since its relations with the European Union countries are so poor, only the United States is regarded as having the influence to persuade Ankara to soften its stance.
The US has declined the use of any pressure.
'We can't live together'
It is against all UN Security Council resolutions, but Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash has argued for years that the two communities cannot live together and that two states is the only solution.
He says forcing the people to live together will bring a return to the inter-communal violence that brought UN peacekeeping forces here in 1964.
These Nato allies are showing signs of trying to bridge their long-standing differences and, if they could come to terms on an acceptable future Cyprus, that would be real progress.
Turkey does not want a Greek controlled island off its southern coast, especially one with plenty of military hardware.
Such claims and arguments are nothing new but, with the renewed global interest in solving the Cyprus problem, a re-examination of them may just produce a formula to break the deadlock.