France's highest court has rejected a final appeal by Nazi collaborator Maurice Papon for a retrial.
Papon was released because of his age
Papon, 93, was sentenced to 10 years in prison in 1998 for complicity in crimes against humanity, but he was released in 2002 because of his age.
The court was deciding whether there was any failure in procedure leading up to the verdict.
Friday's decision came surprisingly quickly - it was originally expected to be delivered next Wednesday.
"This is a victory because Papon, until now, had enjoyed
too much indulgence" from the courts, said Michel
Slitinsky, one of the civil parties opposing Papon.
"The term 'The End' has
been written on this drama. The trial is finally over, and
it is time," added lawyer Gerard Boulanger.
Friday's hearing came about following a European Court ruling that the French law obliging people to turn themselves in on the eve of an appeal court hearing was illegal.
Papon's appeal never took place because he absconded to Switzerland before his scheduled appearance. His lawyers hoped there was therefore scope for a retrial.
Papon was the second-highest official in France's south-western Bordeaux region during the German wartime occupation.
He went on to become a government minister, but was later sentenced by a court in Bordeaux for helping to send more than 1,500 French Jews to German-run death camps.
He was the highest-ranking French official to be sentenced for helping the Nazis, and his trial reopened painful memories about collaboration in occupied France during World War II.
Papon has denied any wrongdoing, despite his conviction.
Jewish groups opposed his release because they said he showed no remorse for his actions.
Apart from Papon, Paul Touvier was the only other Frenchman convicted of crimes against humanity for his role during the occupation.
Touvier, a former aide to Gestapo official
Klaus Barbie, executed
seven Jews. He was convicted in 1994 and died two years later.