Monday, April 5, 1999 Published at 11:09 GMT 12:09 UK
Refugees wait for rescue
Some have been out in the open for almost a week
A queue of tens of thousands of refugees stretching back into the heartland of Kosovo is reported to be stuck at the border with Macedonia.
But a BBC reporter at the scene says that despite Macedonian statements to the contrary, the border is still, in effect, closed.
Convoys of vehicles are moving thousands of those who have already crossed to the new camps.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has appealed to Macedonia to speed up the processing of refugees on the border.
The refugee agency said it was willing to take on the work itself.
The relief camps were set up by Nato after Macedonia said it would not take any more refugees.
Some of the refugees have been given their first hot meal after being out in the open for almost a week.
The UNHCR says that one camp by the Kosovo border set up by British troops can process more than 5,000 refugees a day.
The huge logistical operation involves hundreds of cooks, engineers and medical staff to deal with the expected huge influx of refugees.
Germany has offered to take 40,000 Kosovo Albanians, and the United States and Turkey 20,000 each. The UK says it will take several thousand refugees.
The first flights are expected to leave on Monday.
But Nato says the long-term objective is for the refugees to return home.
EU emergency meeting
Italian Prime Minister Massimo D'Alema, on a visit to Albania, said dispersing refugees through Europe would make a success of ethnic cleansing.
His fears were echoed by European Union Humanitarian Aid Commissioner, Emma Bonino.
"We should not disperse people all over. We should not co-operate in any way with ethnic cleansing," she added.
German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder stressed there should be a "fair division of the burden" to avoid the mistakes made during the Bosnian conflict.
Cruise missiles pound Belgrade
In a twelfth night of bombing raids on targets in Serbia and Kosovo, Nato aircraft have hit the Yugoslav Air Force headquarters and anti-aircraft command on the outskirts of the capital, Belgrade.
A Nato spokesman said an improvement in the weather had allowed the raids to be stepped up.
Earlier, the US announced it was boosting air operations with the deployment of 24 Apache helicopters and 2,000 extra troops.
The helicopters, which can operate in all weathers, are low-flying attack aircraft used to fight ground troops and tanks. They are expected to be deployed against forces shelling Kosovo villages.
Kosovo 'could be emptied'
At least 360,000 Kosovo Albanians have poured out of Kosovo since the air strikes began on 24 March.
At least 226,000 have crossed into Albania since the Nato offensive began. At the present rate, that will rise to a quarter of a million by Tuesday.
Some have arrived at the remote Qafa e Prushit border crossing, presenting aid agencies with the difficult task of delivering food and medical aid.
Aid workers say the Serb forces are deliberately making people flee through ever more remote crossings to hinder the aid effort.