Saturday, April 3, 1999 Published at 19:03 GMT 20:03 UK
Race on to save refugees
No man's land: Thousands of refugees are on Macedonia's border
Macedonia is tightening its border with Kosovo as Nato launches a major operation to save the lives of hundreds of thousands of ethnic Albanian refugees who have fled Kosovo.
About 315,000 Kosovo Albanians have fled or have been expelled since the air strikes began 11 days ago. Nato says at this rate the Serbs will empty their southern province within another 20 days.
The BBC has been shown the first known video evidence of the alleged Serbian repression in Kosovo.
UK Foreign Secretary Robin Cook reacted by saying: "This is an appalling event. It underlines the murderous brutality with which the ethnic cleansing is being waged within Kosovo."
Nato has announced it is changing its military strategy, to demand the withdrawal of all Serbian forces from Kosovo.
Mr Cook has proposed creating official sanctuaries within Macedonia to deal with the crisis.
"The proposal has been greeted with interest by the Macedonian Government," he said.
"The people in direst needs are those who have not still not been allowed through the border."
At Blace, there have been reports of fights for what little food is available and security forces have been struggling to maintain control.
Macedonian security forces are standing by in riot gear with automatic weapons to prevent any unauthorised move from the border area.
In a statement issued after the first deaths among refugees - 11 since Friday night including four babies - Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov said it would only allow entry to those who had guaranteed passage to other countries.
Earlier, Nato escalated its bombing campaign in Yugoslavia, hitting the centre of Belgrade for the first time.
Two ministries described by Nato as the "brain" of the Serb ethnic cleansing operation in Kosovo were destroyed by Cruise missiles.
Italy has announced that a meeting of the six-nation Contact Group on Yugoslavia would discuss the crisis next week, at Russia's request.
Agencies under strain
Latest estimates from the United Nations Commissioner for Refugees report that 170,000 have fled or have been expelled to Albania and 115,000 to Macedonia since 24 March.
One British charity, Children's Aid, is leaving Macedonia and taking its food supplies to Albania in protest at the obstructions.
UK Prime Minister Tony Blair warned Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic that Nato would reverse the expulsion of Kosovo's Albanians.
"That is our promise to you and we will carry it out."
"But there are times when looking away simply is not an option.
"Our goal is to exact a very high price for Mr Milosevic's policy of repression."