The following is a summary of the indictment against Serb nationalist Vojislav Seselj by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, published on 15 January 2003. All charges cover events in the Croatian and Bosnian wars in the period August 1991-September 1993.
Seselj is accused of atrocities following the capture of Vukovar
Involvement in persecution of Croat, Muslim and other non-Serb civilian populations in the territories in Western Slavonia and the Serb Autonomous Region of Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem, and in the municipalities of Bosanski Samac and Zvornik in Bosnia-Hercegovina, and parts of Vojvodina in Serbia.
Involvement in the extermination and murder of non-Serb civilians, as follows:
Forty-three Croat civilians killed in Western Slavonia in December 1991
Seselj denies all charges
- About 250 non-Serbs from the hospital at Vukovar killed in November 1991 after the Serb takeover of the city
Group of individuals from among prisoners of war captured in the city killed
Hundreds of non-Serbs killed after the capture of Zvornik, Bosnia in March 1992
Dozens killed following the capture of Bosanski Samac in April 1992.
Involvement in the imprisonment under inhumane conditions of non-Serb civilians in the territories listed above.
The living conditions in these detention facilities were brutal and characterised by inhumane treatment, overcrowding, starvation, forced labour, inadequate medical care and systematic physical and psychological assault, including torture, beatings and sexual assault.
Involvement in the deportation or forcible transfer of non-Serb civilian populations from their legal domiciles, in Vukovar in November 1991 and in Vocin, Western Slavonia, in November and December 1991, in the municipality of Zvornik in Bosnia-Hercegovina between March 1992 and September 1993, in the municipality of Bosanski Samac in Bosnia-Hercegovina between April 1992 and September 1993, and in parts of Vojvodina, Serbia, including the village of Hrtkovci, in May 1992.
In order to achieve this objective, Serb forces surrounded Croatian and Bosnian towns and villages and demanded that the inhabitants surrender their weapons, including legally owned hunting rifles.
Hundreds of non-Serbs were killed in Zvornik
Then, the towns and villages were attacked or otherwise taken over, even those where the inhabitants had complied with the demands. These attacks were intended to compel the population to flee.
After taking control of the towns and villages, the Serb forces sometimes rounded up the remaining non-Serb civilian populations and forcibly transported them to locations within Croatia or Bosnia-Hercegovina not controlled by Serbs, or deported them to locations outside Croatia or Bosnia-Hercegovina, in particular Serbia and Montenegro.
In May 1992, Vojislav Seselj came to Vojvodina and gave an inflammatory speech in the village of Hrtkovci, Vojvodina, calling for the expulsion of Croats from the area and reading a list of individual Croat residents who should leave for Croatia.
After this speech, a campaign of ethnic cleansing directed at non-Serbs, particularly Croats, began in Hrtkovci. During the next three months, many non-Serbs were harassed, threatened with death and intimidated, forcing them to leave the area.
Involvement in the wanton destruction and plunder of public and private property of non-Serb populations, acts which were not justified by military necessity.
This intentional and wanton destruction and plunder included the plunder and destruction of homes and religious and cultural buildings, and took place in Vukovar, Vocin, Hum, Bosanski Samac and Zvornik.