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Saturday, 20 July, 2002, 18:56 GMT 19:56 UK
Deal reached over disputed island
Spanish soldier approaches Moroccan protester on Perejil
Both sides were under pressure to resolve the dispute
The United States says Spain and Morocco have struck a deal over the disputed Mediterranean island of Perejil.

US Secretary of State Colin Powell said the two sides had reached an "understanding" following US mediation.


We believe this understanding is in the interests of both countries

Colin Powell, US secretary of state
He said they had agreed to restore the island to the status quo which existed last month.

The row erupted earlier this month after Morocco deployed security officials on Perejil, which is under Spanish sovereignty.

Click here for a map of the area

Correspondents say that under the accord, the two sides would agree to have no flags or signs of sovereignty on the island, or permanent encampments.

In the first sign of the agreement going into effect, reports from Perejil say that Spanish troops, which evicted the Moroccan gendarmes, have begun to withdraw.

The Spanish news agency Efe said Spanish Foreign Minister Ana Palacio would meet her Moroccan counterpart, Mohamed Benaissa, in the Moroccan capital, Rabat, on Monday.

Territorial dispute

The dispute over the 13.5 hectare (33-acre) island, which Morocco calls Leila, began on 11 July, when Morocco sent half a dozen troops to the normally uninhabited rocky outcrop, 200 metres (650 feet) off the Moroccan coast.

Perejil island
200m off the Moroccan shore in the Straits of Gibraltar
Less than 1km in diameter
Rocky and uninhabited
Visited by herdsmen who take their goats to graze
Named after the wild parsley which grows there - Perejil means "parsley" in Spanish
Known in Morocco as Leila

Six days later, Spain ousted the Moroccan forces and deployed several dozen troops in their place, a move condemned by Morocco as a "declaration of war".

Observers say Morocco's occupation of Perejil was aimed at raising the thorny issue of other disputed Spanish enclaves, Ceuta and Melilla, along the North African coast.

Speaking to reporters on Friday, the Moroccan foreign minister said: "Let's be realistic. Sooner or later, we must confront this subject."

But the Spanish foreign minister said Spain would not share sovereignty of Perejil and the status of Ceuta and Melilla was not up for discussion.

US role

The United States intervened after other international powers stepped into the dispute, with Nato and the European Union supporting Spain and Arab nations backing Morocco.

Spanish helicopter landing on Perejil
The US is seeking to demilitarise the island

While Spain and Morocco refused to talk directly, Mr Powell spoke to both sides by telephone.

Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar had proposed that Spain would withdraw its troops from Perejil if Morocco agreed not to re-occupy the island.

But Mr Benaissa said Morocco would not begin talks unless Spain withdrew unconditionally.

As negotiations continued, Spanish soldiers detained a 27-year-old Moroccan man who reached the island carrying two Moroccan flags, AFP reported.

The dispute is the latest in a series of rows which have soured relations between the two Mediterranean neighbours.




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 ON THIS STORY
The BBC's Stephanie Irvine in Morocco
"The next step will be for both sides to discuss the long term future of the island"

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18 Jul 02 | Europe
18 Jul 02 | Europe
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