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Tuesday, 11 June, 2002, 22:30 GMT 23:30 UK
Hunger solution splits UN summit
Delegates of the meeting walk past Italian police in Rome
Most Western leaders are not attending the summit
Leaders of developing countries at a United Nations food summit in Rome, Italy, have urged the European Union and the United States to remove farm subsidies and open their markets.

US Agency for International Development (USAID) administrator Andrew Natsios
The US delegates press for greater use of GM foods
Developing countries are telling the US and the EU that free trade is essential to enable their poor farmers to compete with the subsidised farmers of the rich industrialised world.

"We don't want charity, we want the chance to grow", said the Colombian President, Andres Pastrana.

But the US sees the solution to the problem in greater use of genetically modified (GM) foods and biotechnology.


Protectionism is the enemy of the hungry, not lack of improved seeds

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni

The meeting - hosted by the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) - is a follow-up to a summit five years ago which pledged to cut the number of people starving around the world by half by the year 2015.

Only a fraction of this target has been reached so far and hopes that efforts to combat hunger would be revived have been undermined by the fact that only two leaders from Western nations - Spain and Italy - are attending the meeting.

GM argument

The US have brought to Rome the Nobel Peace Prize winner, Norman Borlaug, who laid the groundwork of the so-called Green Revolution in the 1960s.


I'm not a scientist, but from information available to me, it appears clear that modern biotechnology holds high promise

Nigerian minister

He developed in Mexico varieties of grain that dramatically increased crop yields. His work has allowed many developing countries to become agriculturally self-sufficient.

At a news conference at the summit, Mr Borlaug supported the US Government's argument that the new biotechnology, or GM crops, can help solve world hunger.

Mr Borlaug's views were supported by a government minister from Nigeria, the most populous nation in Africa, speaking on behalf of President Olusegun Obasanjo.

The Nigerian president avoided, however, declaring his unconditional support for the American proposals.

Subsidy row

The Americans are justifying their farm subsidies and urging more extensive use of biotechnology in agriculture as a way of producing more food of higher quality.

But leaders of developing countries dismiss the American arguments as untrue.

Global hunger
1996: 840 million hungry people
2002: 815 million hungry people
2015 target: 400 million hungry people

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni said African farmers needed to raise their sights beyond mere subsistence agriculture.

In order to meet its aim of reducing the number of hungry people to 400 million by 2015, the FAO is seeking an additional $24bn a year in agricultural and rural investment.

Since 1996, when the target was set, the number of hungry people has only dropped from 840 million to 815 million.

To reach the target, the number has to decline by 22 million people each year, but the UN says the figure is dropping by only six million a year.

 WATCH/LISTEN
 ON THIS STORY
The BBC's Elizabeth Blunt
"Leaders are divided on how targets should be reached"
Dominic Nutt, Emergencies Officer for Christian Aid
"It is a country on the verge of catastrophe"

Key stories

Horn of Africa

Southern Africa

West Africa

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See also:

09 Jun 02 | Americas
07 Jun 02 | Africa
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