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Thursday, 13 September, 2001, 13:43 GMT 14:43 UK
Europe commemorates US dead
A commemorative carpet of flowers is laid in Frankfurt
A commemorative carpet of flowers is laid in Frankfurt
The victims of Tuesday's attacks in New York and Washington are being commemorated across Europe.

Ten thousand church bells pealed in Austria on Thursday to mark the start of a three-minute silence across the nation.

Across the border in Germany transport was halted, and radio and television stations stopped their transmissions to observe five minutes of silence.


Teachers will remind students that no cause can justify blind violence or fanaticism

French Education Minister Jack Lang
Flags nationwide were lowered to half-mast.

In the UK, the BBC has announced that it is changing the traditional programme for the Last Night of the Proms on Saturday - rousing anthems will be replaced by more reflective sombre pieces of music.

In an unprecedented move the US national anthem was played during the changing of the guard at Buckingham Palace, in a ceremony attended by the US ambassador, William Farish.

And in France, all football matches next weekend will begin with a one-minute silence.

Education Minister Jack Lang has told teachers to stand ready to assist any pupils seeking answers to Tuesday's horrific attacks.

A Russian kneels amid floral tributes outside the US embassy in Moscow
A Russian kneels amid floral tributes outside the US embassy in Moscow
"Teachers will remind students that no cause can justify blind violence or fanaticism," he said.

On Wednesday, European Union foreign ministers declared Friday an EU-wide day of mourning, and asked all Europeans to observe a three-minute silence at 1000GMT (1100BST).

The Council of Europe reiterated that call on Thursday in an appeal to its 43 member states.

"I appeal to the 800 million citizens in the Council of Europe member states to join us in this moment of grief, in an expression of our deepest sympathy with the victims and their families, and of our solidarity with the government of the United States," said the organisation's General Secretary, Walter Schwimmer.


What happened is not only the pain of the US, it's the world's pain

Entry in Ukraine's book of condolences
The Irish Republic is coming to a virtual standstill on Friday. Government departments and schools are closing, along with major shops, pubs and restaurant chains.

Prime Minister Bertie Ahern and President Mary McAleese will attend a service in Dublin Cathedral.

Russia held a minute's silence on Thursday, with broadcasters interrupting their programmes at the appointed time.

Some telephone companies offered free calls to hotline numbers in the United States and Canada.

Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma also declared Thursday a day of mourning and solidarity with the American people, and a three-minute silence was held.

"What happened is not only the pain of the US, it's the world's pain," wrote one contributor in a book of condolences at the US embassy in Kiev.

Hungarian fire engines hung black ribbons from their radio aerials in memory of the New York firefighters who died in the aftermath of the World Trade Center attacks.

All public buildings were to fly black flags on Friday.

Croatia and Albania declared Friday a day of national mourning.

See also:

13 Sep 01 | UK
UK pays its respects
13 Sep 01 | Northern Ireland
Belfast paramedic recalls US terror
12 Sep 01 | Europe
Attack fallout hits Europe
12 Sep 01 | Americas
Security alerts spread from US
12 Sep 01 | Europe
EU to 'stand by' US
12 Sep 01 | Europe
In pictures: Europe in shock
12 Sep 01 | Americas
New York rubble dumbfounds rescuers
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