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Friday, 31 August, 2001, 14:51 GMT 15:51 UK
In pictures: Arctic convoys remembered
British and Russian war veterans have gathered in the Russian town of Archangel to mark the 60th anniversary of the first landing of the World War II Arctic convoys.

Thousands of British and Allied men and women died in the convoys, which under heavy German bombardment and through appalling weather escorted supplies to Russia, to help the Red Army fight Hitler on the Eastern front.

British veterans greeted at the airport
British veterans were greeted in Archangel as returning heroes. Wreaths and parades commemorated the Allied effort


Russian navy sailors rehearse for a ceremony to remember what was lost: 18 warships, 87 merchant ships and 3,000 British lives

l-r Jim Underwood, Russian veterans Viktor Derevnin, Nikolai Alexeyev, Nikolai Vasilyev, Simon Cheremukhin and  Stormy Fairweather toast vodka
British and Russian veterans toast with vodka. Some vets are angry the government has not rewarded them with medals.


Robert Robertson, left, and Raymond Ball. Most convoy veterans were in their teens in the war and are in their 70s and 80s


William Lowes cries at a party on warship HMS Campbeltown, which took most of British veterans to Russia

Veterans Keith Reith, left, and William Lowes on motorboat with HMS Campbeltown in background
Veterans Keith Reith, left, and William Lowes with HMS Campbeltown - "luxury" compared to how they travelled in WWII - behind

Veterans walk along an embankment in Arkhangelsk
The British effort supplied about a quarter of all war materials used by the Soviet Union during WWII


Percy Price, left, embraces Russian veteran Nikolai Chikharev. Russia calls the convoys a "northern saga of heroism"


The original convoy: Dangerous mission under constant bombardment and appalling weather conditions

See also:

31 Aug 01 | Europe
Veterans remember Arctic convoys
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