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Thursday, 9 August, 2001, 15:23 GMT 16:23 UK
Profiles: Muslim officers at The Hague
Kubura, Alagic, and Hadzihasanovic (left to right)
The accused (left to right): Kubura, Alagic, and Hadzihasanovic
Three senior Bosnian Muslim officers who were commanders at the time of the Bosnian war have appeared before the war crimes tribunal in The Hague.

The tribunal's indictments allege that General Enver Hadzihasanovic, General Mehmed Alagic and Colonel Amir Kubura were responsible for executions and massacres during the Bosnian war between 1992 and 1995.

Bosnian 7th Muslim Brigade on parade in Zenica
Many of the worst atrocities are attributed to Mujahedeen fighters
They are the most senior Bosnian soldiers to stand before the tribunal. All three have denied charges of murder, wanton destruction and inhumane treatment.

The 19-count indictment charges the three officers with failing to prevent men under their command from committing atrocities that they knew, or should have known, were about to happen.

The tribunal has not charged the men with personally committing or ordering specific illegal acts, but said all three were experienced and professional officers accustomed to military command and discipline.

Mehmed Alagic:
General Mehmed Alagic
General Mehmed Alagic is the best known of the three accused
The 54-year-old retired general shot to prominence in 1993 when he delivered the first victory for Bosnian Government forces, after a year of defeats, by rolling back Croat forces in central Bosnia.

While correspondents say his Third Corps had a generally good record, men under General Alagic's command are blamed for several atrocities in that campaign.

General Alagic gained a post-war reputation for corruption and was this year handed a four-year jail term for abuse of power while he was mayor of Sanski Most.

Enver Hadzihasanovic:
General Enver Hadzihasanovic
General Enver Hadzihasanovic took over the Third Corps
General Hadzihasanovic, 51, succeeded General Alagic as commander of the Third Corps.

He also led the reconfigured Croat-Muslim forces when they were given post-war training by United States instructors.

Amir Kubura:
Colonel Amir Kubura
Colonel Kubura led the controversial 7th Muslim Brigade
Retired Colonel Kubura commanded the most controversial unit under General Alagic's command - the 7th Muslim Brigade.

While most units in the government army contained some Serbs, Croats and those of mixed ethnic parentage, Colonel Kubura's brigade was tightly segregated.

Its soldiers worked closely with the Mujahedeen, units of self-styled Muslim militants from the Middle East.

See also:

03 Aug 01 | Europe
War crimes: The ethnic balance
02 Aug 01 | Europe
General guilty of Bosnia genocide
05 Jul 01 | Europe
Q&A: Who's next at The Hague?
03 Jul 01 | Europe
At a glance: Hague tribunal
03 Jul 01 | Europe
What is a war crime?
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