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Saturday, 21 July, 2001, 17:35 GMT 18:35 UK
Fresh violence hits Genoa summit
protester hurls office chair onto a fire
Protesters again started fires in the streets
Police guarding a summit of the world's richest nations in Genoa have clashed for a second day running with anti-capitalist demonstrators.

Genoa issues
Impact of US slowdown on world economy
Relaunching global trade talks
Launching $1bn global health fund to tackle Aids and other diseases
Easing poverty in developing countries
Efforts to combat global warming
In the middle of a largely peaceful march in which tens of thousands registered their concerns about the effects of globalisation and the widening gap between rich and poor, about 2,000 demonstrators broke away to confront police.

As the march moved along the Italian port city's seafront, black-hooded protesters tried to breach the "red zone" - an exclusion area surrounding the summit venue.

They pulled up paving stones and threw them at police, as well as setting fire to several cars and a bank in scenes similar to those on Friday that saw one protester shot dead by police and about 60 people injured.

Police armed with shields and backed by armoured vans responded by firing teargas and forcing the demonstrators back.

Click here to see map of Saturday's clashes

A BBC correspondent in Genoa says several people were injured in this operation, and a large number of ambulances have descended on the area.

An official investigation has been opened into the fatal shooting of the 23-year-old Italian protester by a policeman, who could face criminal charges.

protesters with road sign
Road signs were torn out of the ground and used to smash windows
The umbrella group that organised the massive street protests, the Genoa Social Forum, had called on world leaders to suspend the summit following the man's death.

But the G8 presidents and prime ministers expressed their determination to press ahead with their talks.

In a joint statement issued on Saturday morning, they condemned "violence overflowing into anarchy" by a small minority of the demonstrators.

They said they respected people's right to protest peacefully, but added: "It is vitally important that democratically elected leaders legitimately representing millions of people can meet to discuss areas of common concern.

"For our part, we will continue to focus on the issues that matter most to our people and to the wider world, such as the economy, jobs, trade and help for the poorest parts of the world, devoting special attention to Africa.

Carlo Giuliani
The dead protester was named as Italian Carlo Giuliani, 23
Some campaign groups have already pulled out of the protest amid fears that it was being hijacked by anarchist groups.

Organisations such as Oxfam, Christian Aid and the Catholic Development Agency were among those that decided to hold alternative protests

At the summit itself, a discussion on the global environment highlighted the sharp divide between US President George W Bush and the other leaders.

Washington's rejection of the Kyoto treaty on global warming earlier this year has caused anger in many European capitals, but Mr Bush has refused to back down.

Mr Bush's plans for a missile defence system are another area of discussion. These proposals have also come in for criticism, with Russian President Vladimir Putin warning that it could trigger a new arms race.


The G8 leaders are also discussing the situation in the Middle East. Their foreign ministers have already backed the idea of international monitors to help resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

The precarious state of political talks in the former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia is another topic for discussion.

On Friday, the G8 leaders called for a new round of free trade talks, to ensure sustained global economic growth.

The G8 also pledged an initial $1.2bn to a United Nations-sponsored plan to combat Aids and other diseases in developing countries.

map of genoa
here to return

Map shows "red zone", the exclusion area surrounding the Palazzo Ducale summit venue, and the outer "yellow zone", which was meant to free of protesters but was quickly breached.

The BBC's Brian Barron
"Once again a march that was conceived as a peaceful protest slipped into violence"
Globalise Resistance's Ger Francis
says he was brutally attacked by the Italian police while protesting peacefully
Henry Northover, Catholic Fund for Overseas Dev.
"We need to reflect"
Charles Secrett of Friends of the Earth
"We are getting increasingly concerned about the escalating violence"
See also:

21 Jul 01 | Europe
Blair appeals to G8 protesters
20 Jul 01 | Business
Economic vigilance needed warns G8
21 Jul 01 | Media reports
Newspapers lament Genoa violence
20 Jul 01 | Business
G8 leaders focus on world poverty
19 Jul 01 | Europe
G8 protesters take to the streets
19 Jul 01 | Europe
Bush's agenda for Genoa
21 Jul 01 | Europe
Protest death divides Genoese
21 Jul 01 | Europe
Who are the Genoa protesters?
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