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Wednesday, 4 July, 2001, 10:43 GMT 11:43 UK
Yugoslavia struggles to move forward
Supporters of the former Yugoslav President demonstrate in Belgrade
Milosevic supporters want new elections
By Paul Anderson in Belgrade

With Slobodan Milosevic's first appearance at the war crimes tribunal in The Hague safely out of the way, Serbian and Yugoslav politicians are turning their attention to the political fallout of the whole affair.

They have to appoint a new federal prime minister after the previous incumbent, Zoran Zizic, resigned in protest against the Milosevic handover last week.

For the past five days Yugoslavia has been run by a caretaker government.

Politicians will also find themselves under continuing pressure to surrender more war crimes suspects.

Talks open

The federal parliament is meeting on Wednesday to discuss the crisis and begin moves to appoint a new prime minister and cabinet.

Former Yugoslav Prime Minister Zoran Zizic
Mr Zizic resigned in protest
The resignation of Mr Zizic and other politicians from Yugoslavia's smaller republic, Montenegro, led to concern about the future viability of the Yugoslav Federation.

Serbian nationalists are now calling for new elections.

They are planning more protests after several thousand of them have been out on the streets in support of Mr Milosevic over the past week.

Desire to rebuild

Most politicians though, like their people, have no appetite for more political uncertainty.

They want to get on with the job of repairing the destruction wreaked on the Yugoslav economy during more than a decade of Milosevic misrule.

Serbian President Milan Milutinovic
The Serbian president is a suspect
However they will not be allowed to forget the fact that at least 16 of the 37 indicted war crimes suspects still at large, are living in Yugoslavia.

They include the current Serbian president, Milan Milutinovic, and three other senior political and military leaders indicted at the same time as Mr Milosevic.

Tribunal officials in Belgrade say the surrender of Mr Milosevic was a huge breakthrough, but they want the authorities here to follow it up with more arrests and more transfers to The Hague.

Bosnian Serbs

Meanwhile attention is also focused on the two most wanted Bosnian Serb war crimes suspects - Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic.

It is an open secret that both are in the Bosnian Serb Republic.

On Tuesday the entity's government agreed to co-operate with the war crimes tribunal.

The prime minister was due in the Hague on Wednesday for talks.

However that's unlikely to come to much until the Bosnian Serb parliament passes the law on co-operation, and observers say hardline nationalists are likely to block it.

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See also:

03 Jul 01 | Europe
Milosevic scorns UN tribunal
03 Jul 01 | UK Politics
No secret Balkan deals - Owen
03 Jul 01 | Europe
Milosevic press review
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