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The BBC's Rob Broomby
"Germany has been forced to face the facts, immigration is necessary"
 real 56k

Danielle Joly, University of Warwick
"An immigration policy is needed"
 real 28k

The BBC's Sarah Spencer
"The contention here is unskilled immigrant workers, not skilled workers"
 real 28k

Wednesday, 4 July, 2001, 14:45 GMT 15:45 UK
Germany 'needs more immigrants'
German border post
Germany is looking to revise border barriers
Germany must take in up to 50,000 highly skilled immigrants each year to overcome severe labour shortages caused by a shrinking population.

A high-level report by the Immigration Commission called a radical rethink of attitudes towards immigration.

The Commission chair, opposition politician Professor Rita Suessmuth, said the new immigrants should be selected on the basis of a points system, similar to that used in countries such as Canada.


We must recognise that to secure our prosperity, our future, we are dependent on people from other countries with skills that we desperately need

Commission chair Rita Suessmuth
The BBC's Rob Broomby in Berlin says the report comes as Germany faces a massive demographic problem.

A low birthrate means the population is set to drop by as much as 23 million over the next 50 years.

Experts have argued that Germany may need massive immigration of skilled labour to stave off economic decline and to maintain the lavish social security net and pensions system.

"We must recognise that to secure our prosperity, our future, we are dependent on people from other countries with skills that we desperately need," Professor Suessmuth said.

The Commission recommends that Germany should gradually increase immigration, climbing according to need towards the end of the decade and beyond.

According to the report:

  • 20,000 foreigners should be allowed in based on professional qualifications and their knowledge of German
  • 20,000 places should be reserved for industries which demonstrate need
  • 10,000 students be allowed in for training and employment

The Commission warned, however, that efforts would have to be made to integrate the new arrivals into German society.

Election worry

Our correspondent says that government hopes of building a cross party consensus to keep the issue out of the next election campaign appear to be fading.

This is despite the choice of the highly respected Professor Suessmuth as the Commission chair.

The government is to publish its own legislation in September and the opposition Christian Democrats will then decide whether to give their support.

The CDU has a history of opposing immigration

The report was published a day after the Council of Europe, the Strasbourg-based human rights watchdog, called on Germany to combat what it described as a rising tide of anti-Semitic and racist violence in the country.

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See also:

09 Jan 00 | Europe
Jewish immigrants promised help
04 Jul 01 | Europe
Germany's immigration revolution
13 Sep 98 | German elections
Anti-foreigner campaigning in Bavaria
01 Aug 00 | Europe
Germany tackles skills shortage
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