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Thursday, 31 May, 2001, 21:51 GMT 22:51 UK
Forum fights global corruption
Pakistani soldier following 1999 military coup
Pakistan ranks high on Transparency International's corruption list
By Geraldine Coughlan in The Hague

Delegates from 180 countries meeting at the Global Forum II conference in The Hague, have adopted a declaration that will form the basis of a UN anti-corruption convention.

Most corrupt
Nigeria
Yugoslavia
Azerbaijan/Ukraine
Angola/Indonesia
Cameroon
Russia/Kenya
Mozambique
Source: Transparency International
The declaration aims to make governments more transparent and tackle corruption with tighter legislation, new monitoring systems and exchange of expertise between countries.

But it does not include Russia's recommendation for tougher extradition procedures or South Africa's suggestion for reliable corruption ratings for countries.

The global anti-corruption coalition, Transparency International, feels the declaration still has a long way to go.

Corporate corruption

It thinks it lacks commitment to fighting corruption at the national level, and to returning to countries funds looted by dictators and stashed away in western banks.

Least corrupt
Finland
Denmark
New Zealand/ Sweden
Canada
Iceland/Norway/ Singapore
Netherlands
UK
Source: Transparency International
Transparency International claims the scale of bribery in international companies is massive, and says company directors who offer bribes to foreign officials should be prosecuted more often in their home countries.

The coalition expects the next international anti-corruption conference in Prague in October to be more effective.

Then governments and civil society groups will make wider recommendations on how to fight corruption, which may be adopted as a convention at Global Forum Three in Korea in 2003.

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See also:

28 May 01 | Asia-Pacific
Wahid cleared of corruption
10 May 01 | Americas
Brazil talks tough over corruption
04 May 01 | Americas
Cuba's anti-corruption ministry
25 Apr 01 | South Asia
Pakistan court amends corruption law
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