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Monday, 26 March, 2001, 16:34 GMT 17:34 UK
Military forces in Macedonia
BBC News Online looks at the estimated military capabilities of forces engaged in the Macedonia conflict.

Macedonian armed forces:

Estimated manpower:

  • Active armed forces: 16,000 [7,000 professional soldiers, 8,000 conscripts, 1,000 HQ personnel]

  • Air force: 700 at most

  • Marine wing: 400

  • Army reserves: 60,000

  • Police: 7,500 [4,500 armed]

  • Conscripts: 30% Albanian; 10% Roma, Turks and other minorities.

    Equipment:

  • 98 main battle tanks (94 Soviet-designed T-55s imported from Bulgaria in 2000, and four T-34s)

  • 51 utility vehicles (41 US "Humvees" and 10 ex-Yugoslav BRDM-2s)

  • 112 armoured personnel carriers (only 40 believed to be in good condition). They include 60 BTR-70 ex-Yugoslav; 12 BTR-80 Bulgarian; 30 M-113A from the US; 10 Greek Leonidas

  • Heavy artillery: 76mm and 105mm guns of unknown quantity; at least 108 122mm M-30 guns; 85 128mm multiple rocket launchers [73 type M-71 and 12 type M-77]

  • Mortars: 16mm, 82mm, and 120mm

  • Nine river patrol boats

  • Aircraft: 10 UTVA-75s, four ZLIN-242s

  • Helicopters: four Mi-17s (one thought to be lost); two Soviet-designed Mi-24 helicopter gunships from Ukraine

  • 50 air defence guns: 20mm and 40mm

  • 30 SA-7 surface-to-air missiles

  • Lack of basic supplies, like first aid kits and radios

    Figures are estimates from the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies.

    Ethnic Albanian rebels in Macedonia

  • Estimated manpower: 300- 700, though some estimates are as high as 2,000

  • Equipment: Light anti-tank weapons, Kalashnikov semi-automatic rifles, Chinese-made machine guns, rocket-propelled grenades, sniper rifles and mortars

    Exact figures not known. Analysts say the fighters are relatively well equipped for their numbers, and have the advantage of being highly mobile and motivated.

    Nato forces in the region

  • Nato peacekeepers in Kosovo (K-For): 42,500 troops from more than 30 countries

  • Another 7,500 troops provide rear support through contingents based in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, in Albania, and in Greece

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    See also:

    26 Mar 01 | Europe
    Rebels 'surrounded' in Macedonia
    26 Mar 01 | Europe
    Yugoslavia beefs up buffer force
    20 Mar 01 | Europe
    Nato raises Macedonian profile
    18 Mar 01 | Europe
    Greater Albania question
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