BBC Homepage World Service Education
BBC Homepagelow graphics version | feedback | help
BBC News Online
 You are in: World: Europe
Front Page 
Middle East 
South Asia 
From Our Own Correspondent 
Letter From America 
UK Politics 
Talking Point 
In Depth 

Sunday, 28 January, 2001, 11:16 GMT
Italy's last queen dies
The Italian Royal family in 1945
Maria Jose Savoy, with Umberto and children in 1945
Maria Jose of Savoy, the widow of Italy's last king, Umberto II, died in exile in Switzerland aged 94.

She had suffered lung problems at a Geneva clinic for some time, but a family spokeswoman who confirmed her death, on Saturday, did not give the precise cause.

Maria Jose Savoy
1906: Born in Belgium, daughter of King Albert I
1930: Marries Umberto
1943: Flees to Switzerland after fall of Mussolini
1945: Returns to Italy
1946: Monarchy collapses, returns to Switzerland
The daughter of Belgium's King Albert, Maria Jose married Umberto in 1930. He became king in 1946 following his father's abdication.

However less than a month later, Umberto left the country amid growing anti-monarchist feeling due to the royal family's support for Benito Mussolini's fascist regime during the war.

In 1948, the newly-formed republic's constitution barred Umberto and his male descendants from Italy.

The ban remains in force despite protests and legal challenges from the exiled crown prince Victor Emmanuel.

Royalists mourn

In a brief appearance on Italian television, Victor Emmanuel's wife, Marina Doria, said the late former queen will be buried next week at Hautecombe Abbey in France.

Maria Jose Savoy, late widow of former Italian King Umberto
Maria Jose married Umberto in 1930
Her death is being mourned by royalists in Italy, who have planned memorial services at the Pantheon in Rome, the traditional resting place of Italian monarchs.

Sergio Boschiero, the head of a leading royalist association, said her death "saddens not only monarchists, but innumerable Italians who recall her regality and her love of liberty and the people."

Royalists are "hoping that one day all the bodies of the other Italian sovereigns now buried in foreign soil will be laid to rest here together," he added.

Exiled dynasty

A constitutional amendment allowing the Savoys to return to Italy was approved by the lower house of parliament in 1998, but has since been bogged down in a Senate committee.

Maria Jose Savoy in 1997
Maria Jose Savoy pictured in 1997
Last year, the European Parliament voted down a proposal that Italy should end the 54-year exile as "a cruel and unusual punishment with no place in a modern Europe".

Members of the ousted dynasty spent their exile in a lakeside village on the outskirts of Geneva, where Umberto died in 1983.

Search BBC News Online

Advanced search options
Launch console
See also:

07 Nov 00 | Europe
Danish Queen Mother dies
15 Oct 00 | Europe
Crown Prince arrives in Serbia
Internet links:

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites

Links to more Europe stories are at the foot of the page.

E-mail this story to a friend

Links to more Europe stories