Madonna previously adopted Malawian boy David Banda
US pop star Madonna has left Malawi on a private jet after failing to adopt a second child from the country.
Last week a Malawian court rejected the adoption over residency rules but the singer's lawyer has said that she will appeal against the ruling.
The 50-year-old singer applied to adopt Chifundo James, whose name translates into English as Mercy, on Monday.
Chifundo is in the same orphanage that previously housed David Banda, Madonna's first adopted child.
Had her application been successful, Chifundo would have been a sister to David and her biological children Lourdes and Rocco.
Madonna's application was rejected because of a requirement that prospective parents be resident in the southern African state for 18 to 24 months.
No date has been set for a court hearing to appeal against the judge's ruling.