Page last updated at 08:53 GMT, Wednesday, 25 March 2009

In pictures: Turner and Italy

Rome, from the Vatican (1820)

British artist JMW Turner was inspired as a youth by Italian old masters. His painting of Rome, from the Vatican shows Raphael painting in the foreground.

Lake Avernus: Aeneas and the Cumaean Sibyl (1814-15)

Turner visited Italy seven times at a time when travel there would take several weeks.

Pass of St Gothard (1803-4)

This painting of the Pass of St Gothard from 1803 shows Turner's early more conventional style.

Approach to Venice (1844)

The Approach to Venice from 1844 is much less literal, showing Turner's later technique. John Ruskin described the painting as "the most perfectly beautiful piece of colour... produced by human hands".

Modern Italy, the Pifferari, (1838)

Over 100 works are on show at the National Gallery of Scotland from 27 March until 7 June

Turner's Bedroom in the Palazzo Giustinian (the Hotel Europa), Venice (1840)

The exhibition also includes works from the artist's sketchbook.

Florence from the Ponte alla Carraria (c.1816/17)

Turner painted watercolours of the city as well as large scale oils paintings. The oils were exhibited annually and the watercolours were engraved for publication to reach a wider audience.

Florence, from San Miniato (c.1827)

The Mediterranean light influenced Turner's colour palette and critics were surprised when even his British views began to be suffused in a yellow light.

Modern Rome  Campo Vaccino (1839)

Turner returned to the subject of Italy throughout his career. This painting, Modern Rome - Campo Vaccino, was made in 1839.



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