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Last Updated: Friday, 16 February 2007, 13:57 GMT
A world of charity concerts
The success of Live Aid in 1985 spawned over 20 years of mammoth charity concerts, which were set up to raise awareness of a variety of world issues.

Millions of pounds have been raised by pop stars and organisers for issues such as famine and Aids awareness.

Climate change is the next issue to be tackled, with eight Live Earth concerts planned around the world for 7 July.

Here are some of the highlights of the huge charity gigs staged since 1985.

LIVE AID

Live Aid
Live Aid at Wembley ended with a rendition of the Band Aid song
When: 13 July 1985

Where: Wembley Stadium, London, and JFK Stadium, Philadelphia.

Raising money for: Famine relief in Africa.

Key performers: Queen, Eric Clapton, David Bowie, George Michael, Sir Elton John, U2, Madonna, Sting, Duran Duran, Bryan Adams, Sir Paul McCartney, Phil Collins, Status Quo, Paul Young, Alison Moyet.

On-site audience: 72,000 at Wembley Stadium, 90,000 at JFK Stadium.

Global audience: Broadcast live on TV and radio to more than 1.5 billion people in 160 countries.

Raised: £30m by the end of the concert, an estimated £55m with subsequent donations.

Highlights: Phil Collins played with Sting at Wembley Stadium before flying to the US on Concorde to play with Eric Clapton and Led Zeppelin at JFK Stadium.

MANDELA 70TH BIRTHDAY TRIBUTE CONCERT

Tracy Chapman
Tracy Chapman stood in for Stevie Wonder at the Mandela concert
When: 11 June 1988

Where: Wembley Stadium, London.

In honour of: Former South African president Nelson Mandela, in Pollsmoor Prison at the time.

Raising money for: South Africa's Anti-Apartheid Movement and seven children's charities.

Key performers: Eurythmics, Sting, Whitney Houston, Simple Minds, Tracy Chapman, Dire Straits, the Midge Ure Band.

On-site audience: 74,000

Global audience: Broadcast live on TV and radio to 72 countries.

Raised: An estimated £1.2m.

Highlights: Little-known US singer Tracy Chapman performed a short acoustic set before returning two hours later in place of Stevie Wonder, who could not play after losing a piece of musical equipment. Chapman's ecstatic reception helped her become a major transatlantic star.

FREDDIE MERCURY TRIBUTE

Axl Rose from Guns N' Roses
Guns N' Roses played Knocking on Heaven's Door and Paradise City
When: 20 April 1992

Where: Wembley Stadium, London.

In honour of: Queen singer Freddie Mercury, who died of an Aids-related illness in November 1991.

Raising money for: The Mercury Phoenix Trust for Aids awareness and research.

Key performers: David Bowie, Sir Elton John, Annie Lennox, U2 (by satellite from Sacramento, California), George Michael, Guns N' Roses, Seal, Lisa Stansfield, Paul Young, Extreme, Zucchero, remaining members of Queen.

On-site audience: 72,000

Global audience Broadcast live on TV and radio to an estimated 500 million people in 76 countries.

Raised: An estimated £20m.

Highlights: The first half featured acts playing their own music while the second was devoted to covers of Queen songs. Actress Elizabeth Taylor told the audience: "Don't worry, I'm not going to sing."

NETAID

Wyclef Jean
Ex-Fugees member Wyclef Jean helped front the ambitious NetAid
When: 9 October 1999

Where: Wembley Stadium in London, Giants Stadium in New Jersey and the Opera House in Geneva.

Raising money for: United Nations Development Programme.

Key performers: David Bowie, Sting, Celine Dion, George Michael, The Corrs, Robbie Williams, Bono, Wyclef Jean, Eurythmics, Bryan Adams, Sheryl Crow, The Stereophonics, Catatonia, Bush.

On-site audience: 80,000 at Wembley Stadium, 29,000 in New York, 1,200 in Geneva.

Global audience: Its internet-only live broadcast was accessed an estimated 2.4 million times. Sixty countries subsequently aired the concert on TV and radio.

Raised: £12m

Highlights: All performances were well-received on site, but - in a time before most internet users had broadband connections - technical problems meant many web users could only receive poor quality live images. Technical problems also led to George Michael's decision to prevent his performance being broadcast on TV, although he later relented.

46664

Bono and Beyonce
Bono and Beyonce performed together at the first 46664 concert
When: 29 November 2003

Where: Greenpoint Stadium, Cape Town, South Africa.

Raising money for: Nelson Mandela Foundation for Aids prevention, treatment and research.

Key performers: Beyonce, U2's Bono and The Edge, Anastacia, Ms Dynamite, Queen's Brian May and Roger Taylor, Dave Stewart, Moloko, Peter Gabriel, Youssou N'Dour, The Corrs.

On-site audience: 40,000

Global audience: Broadcast live on the internet, then on radio and MTV globally to a potential audience of two billion.

Raised: Unknown. Organisers said the concert primarily "raised awareness of HIV in South Africa and launched the 46664 campaign". Further 46664 concerts have since taken place.

Highlights: Bono and Beyonce perform the song American Prayer as a duet, accompanied on guitar by U2's The Edge and Eurythmics star Dave Stewart.

LIVE 8

Bono said millions supported the campaign to end poverty
Bono said millions supported the campaign to end poverty
When: 2 July 2005

Where: Hyde Park, London, Palais de Versailles, Paris, Siegessäule, Berlin, Circus Maximus, Rome, Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Park Place, Barrie, Makuhari Messe, Tokyo, Mary Fitzgerald Square, Newtown, Johannesburg, Red Square, Moscow and the Eden Project in Cornwall.

Raising money for: The onus was on raising awareness of famine in Africa, ahead of the G8 summit of leading nations.

Key performers: Sir Paul McCartney, Madonna, Robbie Williams, The Who, Pink Floyd, Keane, U2, Coldplay, Sir Elton John, Sting, Destiny's Child, Jay-Z, REM, Bryan Adams.

On-site audience: 200,000 at Hyde Park.

Global audience: Broadcast on more than 140 TV channels and 400 radio stations, as well as live internet streams. Organisers claim three billion people saw or heard it.

Raised: The event was not designed to be a fundraiser. The Band Aid Trust, which ran Live 8, took £15.8m in reciepts, before costs were taken into account, according to figures by the Charities Commission.

Highlights: In Johannesburg, former South African leader Nelson Mandela addressed the crowd and in London the concert climaxed with Sir Paul McCartney and other performers singing the chorus to the Beatles' hit Hey Jude.




SEE ALSO
World climate change gigs planned
16 Feb 07 |  Entertainment
Beyonce and Bono lead Aids show
29 Nov 03 |  Entertainment
Mandela addresses Live 8 finale
07 Jul 05 |  Entertainment
Global audience for Net fundraiser
10 Oct 99 |  Entertainment

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