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Last Updated: Sunday, 30 April 2006, 09:16 GMT 10:16 UK
Author Pramoedya Ananta Toer dies
Pramoedya Ananta Toer
The author was jailed several times for his political views
Indonesian author Pramoedya Ananta Toer has died at his east Jakarta home aged 81, his family has said.

The writer had been in hospital since Thursday where he had been receiving treatment for heart problems.

A family member told the AFP news agency that the writer had insisted on returning home.

Pramoedya is best known for his Buru Quartet series retracing the rise of Indonesian nationalism in the first decades of the 20th Century.

The novelist, essayist and short story writer was nominated several times for the Nobel prize for literature, first in 1986, and was last year the only Indonesian to appear on a list of 100 leading intellectuals named by British magazine Prospect.

Almost all his work was banned in Indonesia, where he spent many years in jail under three successive rulers.

Pramoedya wrote eight of his novels, including the Buru tetralogy, during his 10-year stay at the infamous Buru island labour camp where he was sent after four years of detention at various other jails.

Thousands of alleged communist members and supporters were also incarcerated on the island without trial.

He received various awards including France's Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres and the Japanese Fukuoka Asian Culture Grand Prize, both in 2000.

He also received the 1995 Ramon Magsasay Award for Journalism, Literature and Creative Communication Arts and, in 1992, the PEN Freedom to Write Award.

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