The US movie industry is urging Russia to crack down on piracy to aid the revival of its own business.
Dan Glickman heads the Motion Picture Association of America
The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) said both US and Russian films lost money due to the illegal trade in the country.
"I believe that the politicians in Russia need to make this a much higher priority," said MPAA chief executive Dan Glickman on a visit to Moscow.
Russian film-makers joined the MPAA's call for a crackdown.
'Dagger in the heart'
Russian economy minister German Gref, US ambassador to Moscow William Burns and industry leaders also attend the meeting.
Mr Glickman estimated Russian piracy cost the US $266m (£253m) a year while non-US films lost $122m (£70,000).
Sergei Selyanov, a producer of the Russian film Brat (Brother), said: "The more Russian cinema becomes successful, the less tolerable this is.
"The pirate market does not allow us to make profits and make new films."
Mr Glickman added: "Piracy is a dagger in the heart of a growing Russian film industry."
Russian has made numerous attempts to stem piracy and counterfeiting but they remain among the sticking points of Russia joining the World Trade Organization.