The late comedian Richard Pryor and singer David Bowie are among the stars who will be honoured for lifetime achievement at the Grammy Awards.
Pryor was seen as a trailblazer for many young black comedians
Although Pryor, who died in December, was not a musician his comedy albums won him five Grammys during his career.
Rock group Cream, blues legend Robert Johnson, country singer Merle Haggard and opera star Jessye Norman will also be honoured.
The Grammys ceremony will be held in Los Angeles on 8 February.
The National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences said the lifetime honours would be handed out the day before the main ceremony.
"This year's honourees are a prestigious group of diverse and influential creators who have contributed some of the most distinguished and influential recordings," said Academy president Neil Portnow.
David Bowie won a Grammy in 1985
"Their work exemplifies the highest artistic and technical standards, creating a timeless legacy that has positively affected multiple generations, and will continue to influence generations to come."
Pryor - who was best known for his frank and uncompromising stand-up routines of the 1970s and 1980s - died of heart failure on 10 December.
The 65-year-old star of films such as Stir Crazy, with Gene Wilder, had lived for almost 20 years with multiple sclerosis.
Johnson, who will also receive his award posthumously, died in 1938.
Rock band Cream - consisting of guitarist Eric Clapton, bassist Jack Bruce and drummer Ginger Baker - never won a Grammy during their short but influential career in the 1960s.
Thousands of fans attended concerts in New York and London last year to see the band reunite on stage.
Haggard, who already has two Grammy awards, is up for a country music Grammy this year for the song Politically Uncorrect with Gretchen Wilson.