The paparazzi photographer who collided with US star Lindsay Lohan's sports car in May has escaped criminal charges.
Lohan suffered minor injuries in the 31 May incident
According to Deputy District Attorney William Hodgman, there is no evidence Galo Cesar Ramirez deliberately drove his minivan into Lohan's vehicle.
"Although the suspect was most likely driving carelessly when he collided with the victim's car, it was not an intentional assault," he said.
A new anti-paparazzi law comes into effect in California on 1 January.
The case is believed to have prompted governor Arnold Schwarzenegger to sign the bill, which triples the damages people can win from paparazzi if they are assaulted.
Lohan, 19, said she was trying to get away from photographers on 31 May when the crash occurred.
Ramirez was one of several snappers following the actress when she made a U-turn and their cars collided.
He was charged with assault with a deadly weapon and on an outstanding warrant for marijuana possession.
Police in Los Angeles said a subsequent accident involving Lohan in October was not the fault of paparazzi photographers.