Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, one of the most influential British artists of the 20th Century, has died aged 81.
Sir Eduardo died in a London hospital
He had been ill for several years and died on Friday morning in a London hospital, his family said.
Born to Italian parents in Leith, near Edinburgh, in 1924, the artist and sculptor is regarded as the founder of the British pop art movement.
His most famous works include a series of mosaics on the walls of Tottenham Court Road Tube station in London.
Best known for mechanical sculptures, his other works include a statue of Sir Isaac Newton in the piazza of the British Library.
As a boy he collected cigarette packet cards of Hollywood stars, aircraft and submarines, which fired a lifelong fascination with the relationship between humans and machines.
He had been ill for several years, his family said
His early collages of US popular culture images were groundbreaking for post-war Britain and made him a formative figure in the pop art movement.
In the 1970s he moved into abstract screen printing.
Paolozzi taught throughout his career, lecturing in textile design at the Central School of Art, sculpture at St Martin's School of Art and ceramics at the Royal College of Art - all in London - amongst many others.
He was made a member of the Royal Academy in 1979 and knighted in 1988.
Sir Eduardo had been confined to a wheelchair since a serious illness four years ago which left him brain damaged.
He is survived by three daughters including Emma, who nursed him in later years.
Despite his condition, he made a private visit to a retrospective of his work at the Flowers East Gallery in Hoxton, London on Monday.
A gallery spokesman said: "He enjoyed the show immensely. Of course he was unwell but he was in good spirits."
Scotland's culture minister Patricia Ferguson said: "Eduardo Paolozzi was one of Scotland's true international icons.
"He was an artistic colossus and it is fitting that as an enduring legacy, his work adorns the walls of the Scottish Parliament as well as our modern art gallery in Edinburgh."