Films from a record 58 countries have been submitted for consideration for the foreign language Oscar, with Iraq, Costa Rica and Fiji among the entries.
Bollywood movie Paheli has been put forward by India
It is the first time the three countries have entered the competition.
Iraq's entry is director Jamil Rostami's Requiem of Snow, Fiji has submitted The Land Has Eyes, and Costa Rica has entered Caribe.
Five films will get an Academy Award nomination, with the winner announced at the Oscars ceremony on 5 March.
The previous record was 56 films for the 2003 Oscars. Each country is allowed to submit one film.
Requiem of Snow is a drama set amid a drought, while Costa Rica's entry Caribe, from director Esteban Ramirez, is about an oil development that threatens a tropical paradise.
Vilsoni Hereniko's The Land Has Eyes is about a South Pacific outcast who fights her village's self-righteous traditionalists.
Also among the contenders is The Child, from Belgian brothers Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne, which took top honours at last at Cannes Film Festival this year.
The Dardenne brothers won the Palme d'Or at Cannes
The film centres on a petty crook coming to grips with fatherhood.
Earlier this year it was revealed that documentary film March of the Penguins would not be picked as France's entry for the best foreign language film.
The film follows Emperor penguins walking to their breeding ground in Antarctica and has become the most successful French film at the US box office.
Instead, France's foreign language entry is Joyeux Noel, by Christian Carion, about a troops armistice during World War I.
Spanish drama The Sea Inside, with Javier Bardem, won the 2005 best foreign film Oscar.