Horst Buchholz, who starred in
the classic western film The Magnificent Seven, has died
of pneumonia in Berlin, aged 69.
Buchholz compared actors to whores
He was known as Germany's James Dean for playing rebellious teenagers.
His last major role was as a Nazi doctor in
Roberto Benigni's 1997 Oscar-winning film Life is Beautiful.
Buchholz died on Monday at the Charite hospital, a spokesman
He suffered a broken thigh in December and was released from hospital in February.
Buchholz was born in Berlin's working class Prenzlauer Berg district on 4 December 1933, the son of a shoemaker killed in World War II.
He played a communist in Wilder's film One, Two, Three, set in his native Berlin
He dropped out of school early to take
acting lessons and began a successful theatre career in the German capital.
In the 1950s, he established
himself as a film actor and played his most famous role in The Magnificent Seven in 1960.
The array of co-stars included Yul Brynner, Steve McQueen and James Coburn.
'First German accepted'
He spent several years in Hollywood in the early 1960s and made
films in France, Spain, Italy and Britain.
Buchholz also found
international acclaim with Billy Wilder's 1961 comedy One, Two, Three.
His distinct voice also dubbed more than 1,000 imported
The Die Welt newspaper said: "Horst Buchholz was the first German actor that the world
outside accepted after the war, treating him with mercy for
being born late enough not to have anything to do with it."
Buchholz was married for 44 years
In Life is Beautiful, Buchholz played the grey-haired Dr Lessing, who develops a friendship with a Jewish waiter in
But he does nothing to stop the mass murder
when they meet again in a concentration camp.
Buchholz worked with top actors such as Romy
Schneider, Heinz Ruemann and Peter Falk, plus director Wim Wenders.
He once said: "We actors are like whores - for a good film I'm the
world's biggest whore."
He is survived by his wife of 44 years, former actress Myriam Bru, and two