Monday, February 15, 1999 Published at 12:35 GMT
Elgar's variation on a nursery rhyme?
Enigma Variations were first performed 100 years ago
Elgar's Enigma theme may have its roots in Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star, according to a classical enthusiast.
Up until now Mozart was the most famous composer to have taken inspiration from the traditional tune.
The amateur Elgar devotee has now written a book to prove his theory.
He said: "I was doing nothing in particular one day and the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star quite simply kind of drifted into my subconscious at the same time as the Enigma theme.
"Having said that, it is something I have been thinking about a lot over 25 years - so the whole thing has been very active in my subconscious."
According to Mr Turner's theory, Elgar did not use the children's tune as a practical joke, rather as a deliberate device.
But composer Anthony Payne, who completed Elgar's unfinished Third Symphony last year, says the new theory does not work.
He said: "The Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star tune does not sit all that comfortably with the Enigma theme, you have to put it in the minor to make it work.
"It has to go with the harmony and the tune and that only really happens in the beginning."
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