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Tuesday, 30 October, 2001, 18:45 GMT
Royal opening for Tate Britain
Prince Charles
Prince Charles donated a painting to the gallery
The Prince of Wales has opened art gallery Tate Britain's 32.3m centenary development.

The project, the most significant change to the gallery since it opened in 1897, gives it a modern entrance, with 10 new and five refurbished exhibition spaces all built into the neo-classical structure.

Tate Britain
Tony Cragg's work enhances the triple height staircase
Opening the gallery, the prince said that art history and art practice should be part of education.

The prince has also loaned a painting, a portrait of Frederick, Prince of Wales, from his own personal collection, which hanged in his study.

The gallery, on Millbank, in central London, has chosen a development that shows off the works of art it displays, rather than one with glamorous architecture.

New spaces

"I have a preference for galleries which do not try to upstage the art," said architect John Miller. "For us the key thing has been light and space."


Not all of us can be Damien Hirst

Prince Charles
The new spaces have already received critical approval for their elegant integration of old and new.

Tate Britain's historical quirks - including World War II shrapnel damage to the exterior and air-raid signs in the basement - remain intact.

A wall signed by leading UK figures in the arts, including Tracey Emin and Howard Hodgkin, is still there, but hidden behind the rebuilt walls of the Duveen galleries.

At the opening, Prince Charles said art should not be viewed as elitist and was highly relevant to modern life.

'Pugnacious man'

The prince said: "It is encouraging to note that there are now some 70,000 art students at work in this country for whom Tate Britain must be a first port of call."

The prince said traditional techniques were just as valid as newer, more experimental art and were deserving of a place in state school education.

He said: "I suspect that the opinions of that pugnacious man Mr Damien Hirst would be fascinating to hear... but not all of us can be Damien Hirst.

"Whereas 100 years ago, an installation artist may have received short shrift from the art colleges of the time, it is the traditional, watercolourist who struggles to make his way to day."

The new development has created four new galleries within the main building, and six new temporary exhibition spaces - the Linbury galleries - on the lower floor. Five existing galleries have also been refurbished.

In the past Tate Britain was only able to display about 15% of its collection at a time.

'Better effect'

Now the increased space will allow important works to be brought out of storage. Artists such as Bacon, Gilbert and George, Gainsborough, Blake and Turner will be given more space.

The National Lottery funded some 18.75m of the project through the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Heritage fund chair Liz Forgan said the project was "particularly close" to the heart of her organisation.

"This project is what we're all about - conserving and displaying the treasures which Britain possesses in greater numbers, to better effect and accessible to more people," she said.

Tate Director, Sir Nicholas Serota, says that the new building is "only the beginning" of his plans for Tate Britain.

Manton entrance
Manton entrance: Complete with bomb damage
"The next challenge will be to strengthen the collections and to make them more accessible to encourage new audiences," he said.

Tate Britain is to lay out its collections in broadly chronological fashion, rather than in themed rooms as has become popular at Tate Modern.

But there will be temporary themed exhibitions drawing on the collections of Tate Britain and others.

The opening show is Exposed: The Victorian Nude, which draws together works by Rossetti, Alma-Tadema, Sargent and many others.

The Tate Britain Centenary Development opens to the public on 1 November.

 WATCH/LISTEN
 ON THIS STORY
The BBC's Rosie Millard
"Tate Britain has come back"
See also:

30 Oct 01 | Arts
Tate galleries' success story
23 Mar 00 | UK
Artists unveil Tate Britain
09 May 00 | UK
Modern times for the Tate
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