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Tuesday, July 21, 1998 Published at 17:06 GMT 18:06 UK


Entertainment

Americans vote Ulysses best novel

Read any good books lately?

Banned as obscene for many years, James Joyce's Ulysses has been voted the 20th century's greatest novel written in English by a panel of mainly American writers.

Ten members of the board of the New York Modern Library, an offshoot of Random House publishers, selected what they considered the 100 best works.


[ image: Elizabeth Bowen was one of the few women listed]
Elizabeth Bowen was one of the few women listed
The choice of novels made by board members - who include Maya Angelou, AS Byattt and Gore Vidal - have sparked hot debate among listophiles the world over.

After Ulysses, F Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby was second, Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man came third, fourth was Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita and fifth - Brave New World by Aldous Huxley.

Poor showing for the young and the female

Only one novel in the top ten is by a living author - Joseph Heller (Catch-22 at No 7). Younger British writers such as Martin Amis, Irvine Welsh and Julian Barnes are absent from the list.

Also, women are far and few between. Virginia Woolf's To The Lighthouse appears first - right down at No 15. There were just seven other female writers on the list - Carson McCullers, Edith Wharton, Willa Cather , Jean Rhys, Iris Murdoch, Elisabeth Bowen and Muriel Spark.

Notable by their absence are Dorris Lessing, Mary McCarthy, Nadine Gordimer, Alice Walker, Morrison and Harper Lee.

Ernest Hemingway, credited by generations of literary critics as having reshaped the English language, comes in at a lowly No 45 with The Sun Also Rises.

Attack from Net readers

The Random House website was swamped with e-mails from readers criticising the list for omitting to include writers from other parts of the English-speaking world, such as Africa, India and Australia.

Online voters put Frank Herbert's sci-fi tome Dune top of the list on the publisher's site.

No surprises there. And No 2 was Atlas Shrugged by arch-conservative novelist Ayn Rand.


America's top one hundred

1. ULYSSES by James Joyce
2. THE GREAT GATSBY by F. Scott Fitzgerald
3. A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MAN by James Joyce
4. LOLITA by Vladimir Nabokov
5. BRAVE NEW WORLD by Aldous Huxley
6. THE SOUND AND THE FURY by William Faulkner
7. CATCH-22 by Joseph Heller
8. DARKNESS AT NOON by Arthur Koestler
9. SONS AND LOVERS by DH Lawrence
10. THE GRAPES OF WRATH by John Steinbeck
11. UNDER THE VOLCANO by Malcolm Lowry
12. THE WAY OF ALL FLESH by Samuel Butler
13. 1984 by George Orwell
14. I, CLAUDIUS by Robert Graves
15. TO THE LIGHTHOUSE by Virginia Woolf
16. AN AMERICAN TRAGEDY by Theodore Dreiser
17. THE HEART IS A LONELY HUNTER by Carson McCullers
18. SLAUGHTERHOUSE-FIVE by Kurt Vonnegut
19. INVISIBLE MAN by Ralph Ellison
20. NATIVE SON by Richard Wright
21. HENDERSON THE RAIN KING by Saul Bellow
22.APPOINTMENT IN SAMARRA by John O'Hara
23.USA (trilogy) by John Dos Passos
24. WINESBURG, OHIO by Sherwood Anderson
25.A PASSAGE TO INDIA by EM Forster
26. THE WINGS OF THE DOVE by Henry James
27. THE AMBASSADORS by Henry James
28. TENDER IS THE NIGHT by F Scott Fitzgerald
29. THE STUDS LONIGAN TRILOGY by James T. Farrell
30. THE GOOD SOLDIER by Ford Madox Ford
31. ANIMAL FARM by George Orwell
32. THE GOLDEN BOWL by Henry James
33. SISTER CARRIE by Theodore Dreiser
34. A HANDFUL OF DUST by Evelyn Waugh
35. AS I LAY DYING by William Faulkner
36. ALL THE KING'S MEN by Robert Penn Warren
37. THE BRIDGE OF SAN LUIS REY by Thornton Wilder
38. HOWARD'S END by EM Forster
39. GO TELL IT ON THE MOUNTAIN by James Baldwin
40. THE HEART OF THE MATTER by Graham Greene
41. LORD OF THE FLIES by William Golding
42. DELIVERANCE by James Dickey
43. A DANCE TO THE MUSIC OF TIME (series) by Anthony Powell
44. POINT COUNTER POINT by Aldous Huxley
45. THE SUN ALSO RISES by Ernest Hemingway
46. THE SECRET AGENT by Joseph Conrad
47. NOSTROMO by Joseph Conrad
48. THE RAINBOW by DH Lawrence
49. WOMEN IN LOVE by DH Lawrence
50. TROPIC OF CANCER by Henry Miller
51. THE NAKED AND THE DEAD by Norman Mailer
52. PORTNOY'S COMPLAINT by Philip Roth
53. PALE FIRE by Vladimir Nabokov
54. LIGHT IN AUGUST by William Faulkner
55. ON THE ROAD by Jack Kerouac
56. THE MALTESE FALCON by Dashiell Hammett
57. PARADE'S END by Ford Madox Ford 58. THE AGE OF INNOCENCE by Edith Wharton
59. ZULEIKA DOBSON by Max Beerbohm
60. THE MOVIEGOER by Walker Percy
61. DEATH COMES FOR THE ARCHBISHOP by Willa Cather
62. FROM HERE TO ETERNITY by James Jones
63. THE WAPSHOT CHRONICLES by John Cheever
64. THE CATCHER IN THE RYE by JD Salinger
65. A CLOCKWORK ORANGE by Anthony Burgess
66. OF HUMAN BONDAGE by W Somerset Maugham
67. HEART OF DARKNESS by Joseph Conrad
68. MAIN STREET by Sinclair Lewis
69. THE HOUSE OF MIRTH by Edith Wharton
70. THE ALEXANDRIA QUARTET by Lawrence Durell
71. A HIGH WIND IN JAMAICA by Richard Hughes
72. A HOUSE FOR MR BISWAS by VS Naipaul
73. THE DAY OF THE LOCUST by Nathanael West
74. A FAREWELL TO ARMS by Ernest Hemingway
75. SCOOP by Evelyn Waugh
76. THE PRIME OF MISS JEAN BRODIE by Muriel Spark
77. FINNEGANS WAKE by James Joyce
78. KIM by Rudyard Kipling
79. A ROOM WITH A VIEW by EM Forster
80. BRIDESHEAD REVISITED by Evelyn Waugh
81. THE ADVENTURES OF AUGIE MARCH by Saul Bellow
82. ANGLE OF REPOSE by Wallace Stegner
83. A BEND IN THE RIVER by VS Naipaul
84. THE DEATH OF THE HEART by Elizabeth Bowen
85. LORD JIM by Joseph Conrad 86. RAGTIME by EL Doctorow
87. THE OLD WIVES' TALE by Arnold Bennett
88. THE CALL OF THE WILD by Jack London
89. LOVING by Henry Green
90. MIDNIGHT'S CHILDREN by Salman Rushdie
91. TOBACCO ROAD by Erskine Caldwell
92. IRONWEED by William Kennedy
93. THE MAGUS by John Fowles
94. WIDE SARGASSO SEA by Jean Rhys
95. UNDER THE NET by Iris Murdoch
96. SOPHIE'S CHOICE by William Styron
97. THE SHELTERING SKY by Paul Bowles
98. THE POSTMAN ALWAYS RINGS TWICE by James M. Cain
99. THE GINGER MAN by JP Donleavy
100. THE MAGNIFICENT AMBERSONS by Booth Tarkington




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