Page last updated at 17:42 GMT, Tuesday, 14 April 2009 18:42 UK

Obama suggests recession easing

President Obama: 'We can see glimmers of hope'

US President Barack Obama has said there are "signs of economic progress" but underlined that times remain tough.

Separately Federal Reserve head Ben Bernanke talked of "tentative signs" that the contraction rate was calming.

But both men, speaking independently to students, said recovery would take time and more job losses would follow.

Their statements came after earlier data showed disappointing retail sales for March after two months of rises, a signal that consumers were cautious.

The fall in retail sales was unexpected, suggesting the worst might not yet be over.

Mr Obama, who was speaking at Georgetown University, pointed to the US government's housing plan as a factor in boosting the economy, as the number of people refinancing their loans increased.

He added that support for the auto and student loan markets had also contributed to an easing of credit conditions along with progress at this month's G20 meeting.

But he warned that more work needed to be done and that "credit was not flowing nearly as easily as it should".

He also said 2009 would be a hard year for the US economy, when there would be more job losses, more repossessions and "more pain before it ends".

Financial markets

And Mr Bernanke, who was talking to students at Moorehouse University in Atlanta, said: "A levelling out of economic activity is the first step towards recovery".

But he added: "We will not have a sustainable recovery without a stabilisation of our financial system and credit markets."

The central bank has reduced interest rates to near zero in a move to boost the economy and encourage spending.

But problems in the credit markets have continued to make borrowing for individual and firms hard and expensive.

Mr Obama was greeted with applause when he said the first task was to ensure such a crisis did not happen again.

He said recent expansion, notably in the financial sector, was not sustainable.

And he said it wasn't sustainable for long term prosperity to have a small number of individuals seeing higher pay while families saw their incomes drop.

He added that the Federal Reserve would continue to take the "necessary steps to unclog the financial markets and strengthen the economy."


The data from the Commerce Department showing a fall in retail sales came after retail sales rose by 1% in January and by 0.3% in February, driven by heavy discounting.

The fact that Easter fell in March last year but in April this year also affected the figures, as the traditional boost in Easter spending was not reflected.

"We were expecting improvement and we got a huge decline. The report was weak across the board," said Jacob Oubina at

Such figures add to concerns that the worst of the economic crisis might not yet be over.

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