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Last Updated: Thursday, 24 August 2006, 09:52 GMT 10:52 UK
Germany trims problem budget hole
German shoppers queuing at a chemist's till
Consumers are playing a vital role in Germany's economic recovery
Germany's budget deficit has dropped back within European Union limits for the first time in five years, official figures have shown.

The Federal Statistical Office said that the budget deficit was 2.5% of gross domestic product (GDP) during the first six months of this year.

The EU had threatened Germany, Europe's largest economy, with sanctions should its deficit top the 3% limit again.

Figures also showed that Europe's largest economy was still recovering.

Big bounce

Earlier this week, Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germany had lost its "sick man of Europe" tag as better domestic demand and gains in construction and investment had helped the economy get back on its feet.

According to the statistical office, which confirmed earlier estimates, Germany's economy expanded by 0.9% in the three months to the end of June.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel wants to boost growth and cut the budget deficit

The rate of growth was the fastest seen in Germany for five years.

Following Thursday's figures, analysts said they probably will have to revise their annual economic growth forecasts for Germany upwards, tipping it to come in at more than 1.7% this year.

French Finance Minister Thierry Breton said on Thursday that his country's economy also was doing better and confirmed that growth would be between 2% and 2.5% this year, at the top end of government's growth targets.

Despite the optimism, analysts also warned against becoming too upbeat. A number of problems persist in the global economy, including high energy costs and the threat of an increase in world interest rates, that could easily stifle the pick up in domestic spending that has been so important in Germany.

In the club

Germany is not alone in battling a large budget deficit, and France also has been criticised for failing to rein in state spending.

As a member of the single European currency, Germany signed up to the Growth and Stability Pact and agreed to keep its budget deficit to less than 3% of GDP.

However, Germany's deficit ballooned past EU limits as economic growth slowed and the government had to deal with higher levels of unemployment at a time when revenues from areas such as taxation were under pressure.

Chancellor Merkel has pushed through an increase in the level of value added tax from January in an effort to cut the deficit.

Many observers and politicians have criticised the Growth and Stability Pact, arguing it is inflexible and does not allow governments to boost growth by increasing state spending even during difficult economic periods.

The factors behind Germany's economic growth

Merkel cheers Germany's recovery
21 Aug 06 |  Business
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14 Aug 06 |  Business
VAT hike drives German spending
27 Jul 06 |  Business
World Cup boosts German consumers
28 Jun 06 |  Business
German firms hit confidence high
27 Jun 06 |  Business

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