US imports have been hit with a further $9.1m (£4.9m; 7.2m euros) in tariffs from the European Union for breaking World Trade Organisation rules.
Fines will continue as long as the US fails to meet WTO rules
The move comes as the US continues to benefit from the Byrd amendment.
The anti-dumping amendment lets US firms raise a levy from competitors' goods which it deems to be too cheap.
The amendment was ruled illegal over a year ago and repealed in February, but US firms are expected to benefit from it for a further two years.
Europeans paying more
This latest penalty brings the total extra tariffs imposed upon the US to $36.9m.
Peter Mandelson - the EU trade commissioner - has said that while the trade dispute has been resolved, US firms are still receiving payments.
"As long as the distributions [of payments] continue, the US will not be in compliance with WTO rules", the Commission stated.
The US was given until the end of 2003 to comply with a 2002 ruling by the WTO which ruled the Byrd amendment illegal.
But the US failed to comply with the rule, allowing the EU as well as seven other countries - Brazil, Canada, Chile, India, Japan, Korea and Mexico - to fine the US.
The levy has forced European consumers to pay a higher price for US clothing, textile, machinery, paper goods and sweetcorn than for non-US goods.
Since the Byrd amendment was passed in 2000, manufacturers in the metals and food businesses among others, have been the recipients of billions of dollars in payments.