Japanese carmaker Nissan has reported a surprise rise in quarterly profit, boosted by sales in Europe and China.
Nissan is increasing its appeal in Europe and China
Nissan said its operating profit for the three months to December rose by 5.2% to 219.6bn yen ($1.85bn, £1bn).
Analysts had been expecting Japan's second-biggest carmaker, which is 44% owned by France's Renault, to report a slight drop in third-quarter earnings.
While sales in Nissan's two biggest markets - the US and Japan - have fallen, sales elsewhere have picked up.
Sales dropped by 19% in Japan, while in the key US market - where Nissan currently has a lack of new models on offer - they shrank by 7.1%.
However, products such as the Murano sports utility vehicle lifted sales in Europe by 25%.
Sales in China were boosted by demand for Nissan's Tiida and Teana sedans.
Overall, global retail sales during the quarter rose by 0.4% to 819,240 vehicles, Nissan said.
The company prides itself on being the world's most profitable mass-volume carmaker by operating margin.