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Last Updated: Thursday, 13 November, 2003, 12:36 GMT
Eurozone giants return to growth
BMW production line
Firms are feeling more positive
Germany and France, the eurozone's two biggest economies, returned to growth in the second quarter of the year.

New figures show that Germany's economy expanded 0.2% in the three months to September, after slipping the same amount in the previous quarter.

France managed 0.2-0.3% growth in the same period, meaning it escaped the traditional definition of recession as two straight quarters of contraction.

Germany, in contrast, had been shrinking throughout the year to date.

In another sign of European recovery, Thursday also brought news that the Netherlands grew 0.1% in the third quarter, bringing the country out of a nine-month recession.

Back on track?

Germany's nascent recovery was the product of a growing trade surplus on the back of a resurgent US economy, the German Federal Statistics Office said, and came despite flagging domestic demand.

The end of the recession there comes as little surprise, following a string of reports indicating expectations of recovery.

Late last month, the well-respected Ifo index showed German business confidence rising well ahead of expectations and marking its sixth monthly improvement in succession.

Still, recent performance has injected a note of caution.

The problems in Germany and France have hampered the 12-nation eurozone as a whole, since - together with Italy - the two contribute 70% of the zone's output.


The federal government in Berlin is hoping its shake-up of welfare and taxation will help cement the return to growth.

Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder has staked his career on winning a parliamentary vote in October on the controversial measures, which included cuts in unemployment benefit.

He won a vote in the lower house, but still has to steer the bill through other parliamentary stages.

But the opposition-controlled upper house of parliament rejected plans to speed up 15.5bn euros ($18bn) of tax cuts, and vetoed new labour laws as well.

'Wise Men' warn on German budget
12 Nov 03  |  Business
Eurozone rate kept on hold
06 Nov 03  |  Business
US economic growth soars
30 Oct 03  |  Business
German firms upbeat on growth
28 Oct 03  |  Business
Germany reduces growth forecast
23 Oct 03  |  Business
Schroeder wins key reform vote
17 Oct 03  |  Europe

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